Cos Cob Power Station
Cos Cob Power Station
|Location||Roughly bounded by Metro North RR tracks, the Mianus R. and Sound Shore Dr., Cos Cob, Greenwich, Connecticut|
|Area||6 acres (2.4 ha)|
|Architect||Westinghouse, Church, Kerr & Co.|
|Architectural style||Mission/Spanish Revival|
|NRHP reference No.||90001096|
|Added to NRHP||August 2, 1990|
The Spanish Revival style station building of 1907 was significant as part of the first mainline railroad electrification in the United States, using alternating current (AC) electrification. The New York City subway systems and a Hudson River railroad line used lower voltage direct current (DC) electrification, but for longer distances that would mean high transmission losses or frequent and closely spaced substations.:11
A 1903 New York State law prohibited the use of steam locomotives in New York City. The New Haven line of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad ran commuter trains into the city, and electrification all the way to New Haven would avoid massive congestion and delays to commuter trains if locomotives were changed at the New York City limits or at Stamford, CT.
The "New Haven" chose AC electrification as proposed by Baldwin-Westinghouse, with locomotives which could operate on the third-rail DC system within city limits, and the AC system on the main line.
The plant was built by Westinghouse in 1907 in Mission Style, and was located where the Mianus River empties into the Cos Cob Harbor of Long Island Sound. The plant used coal-fired steam turbines, and the three-phase alternators supplied single-phase power at 11 kV 25 Hz directly to the catenary. They also supplied power to the New York Central's Port Morris generating station to compensate the NYC for power consumed by New Haven trains on the NYC's third-rail supplied line to the Grand Central Terminal within the city limits.
The power station was decommissioned in 1986-87.
The plant was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990, but despite the listing and local and national debate, the plant was demolished in 2001. Part of the site is now a public park, and a plaque commemorating the plant is located at the nearby Cos Cob Railroad Station.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Matthew Roth and Bruce Clouette (November 27, 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Cos Cob Power Station". National Park Service. and Accompanying 14 photos, exterior and interior, from 1989
- "#76 AC Electrification NY, New Haven & Hartford". American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
- Stewart, Robert C. (1997). "Electricity on the High Iron: Cos Cob Powers the New Haven Railroad". IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. 23 (1): 43–60. JSTOR 40968382.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cos Cob Power Station.|
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. CT-142-A, "New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Cos Cob Power Plant"
- HAER No. CT-142-B, "New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Mianus River Pumping Station"
- HAER No. CT-142-C, "New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Bridge-Type Circuit Breakers"