Cortinarius triumphans

Cortinarius triumphans, also known as the birch webcap, or yellow girdled webcap is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus Cortinarius found in Europe. It is regarded as edible by some authorities, although others call it suspect and it resembles inedible species.

Cortinarius triumphans
Corts 008.jpg
Scientific classification
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C. triumphans
Binomial name
Cortinarius triumphans
Cortinarius triumphans
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnate
stipe has a ring
spore print is reddish-brown
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: unknown

TaxonomyEdit

The species was first described by Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries in 1838; its generic name derived from the Latin cortina "veil", and the specific triumphans "triumphing".[1] It is considered the same species as Cortinarius crocolitus Quélet by some authorities. It is a member of the subgenus Phlegmacium within the genus Cortinarius; mushrooms of this group have sticky (or slimy in wet weather) caps and dry stipes.[2]

DescriptionEdit

It has a 5–12 cm (2–5 in) diameter cap which is yellowish in colour-darker in the centre and paler on the edges. The stipe is 7–17 cm (3–7 in) high and 1–2.5 cm (0.4–1 in) thick and swollen at the base, and is white up top and yellow lower down and bears the tan or brown remnants of the veil. The adnate gills, which are hidden by a cream or white veil when young, are cream or lilac early on, and darken with the spores, which give a rusty coloured spore print. The almond-shaped spores measure 10–12.5 × 5.5–7 µm. The flesh is cream-coloured and the taste mild.[2][3]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Cortinarius triumphans appears under birch trees in autumn (fall) in Europe, and Asia where it is widespread, but local. It is also reported from north eastern North America. It has a mycorrhizal relationship with birch trees (Betula).[3]

EdibilityEdit

Although some mushroom guides list it as edible,[2] others treat it with suspicion,[3] as many webcaps have been found to have toxins, not in the least the similarly brown-coloured lethal webcaps. This being the case, it is probably best to avoid it. Thomas Laessoe's 1998 book 'Mushrooms', describes the taste as bitter, with a not unpleasant smell.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Simpson DP (1979). Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5 ed.). London: Cassell Ltd. p. 883. ISBN 0-304-52257-0.
  2. ^ a b c Nilson S & Persson O (1977). Fungi of Northern Europe 1: Larger Fungi (Excluding Gill-Fungi). Penguin. p. 88. ISBN 0-14-063005-8.
  3. ^ a b c Phillips, Roger (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. p. 185. ISBN 0-330-44237-6.
  4. ^ Thomas Laessoe (1998). Mushrooms (flexi bound). Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7513-1070-0.