Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study
The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (abbreviated as the CARDIA study) is an ongoing, observational, longitudinal cohort study in the United States, examining the development of, and risk factors for, cardiovascular disease. The CARDIA study is funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health.
The CARDIA study began in 1985 and 1986 with a sample of 5,115 black and white adults between the ages of 18 and 30. When the study began, participants were selected to ensure that the total sample would be about equally distributed across race, age, sex, and education. The original participants were recruited from Birmingham, Alabama, Chicago, Illinois, Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Oakland, California. Since then, the original participants have been contacted eight times for follow-up examinations in the following years: 1987-1988 (Year 2), 1990-1991 (Year 5), 1992-1993 (Year 7), 1995-1996 (Year 10), 2000-2001 (Year 15), 2005-2006 (Year 20), 2010-2011 (Year 25), and 2015-2016 (Year 30). The proportion of original participants who have been examined in each follow-up has varied from a high of 91% in Year 2 to a low of 71% in Year 30. By 2016, the study had produced hundreds of peer-reviewed journal articles that had been cited thousands of times in total.
- Schwaiger L. "Overview". Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. University of Alabama at Birmingham. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
- Gunderson EP, Lewis CE, Tsai AL, Chiang V, Carnethon M, Quesenberry CP, Sidney S (December 2007). "A 20-year prospective study of childbearing and incidence of diabetes in young women, controlling for glycemia before conception: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study". Diabetes. 56 (12): 2990–6. doi:10.2337/db07-1024. PMC 2952440. PMID 17898128.
- Rhodes D (2016-05-02). "Landmark heart disease study marks 30 years of research". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
- Friedman GD, Cutter GR, Donahue RP, Hughes GH, Hulley SB, Jacobs DR, Liu K, Savage PJ (1988). "CARDIA: study design, recruitment, and some characteristics of the examined subjects". Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 41 (11): 1105–16. PMID 3204420.
- "Participating Institutions". Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. University of Alabama at Birmingham. Retrieved 2018-08-16.