Copper underwing

The copper underwing, humped green fruitworm or pyramidal green fruitworm (Amphipyra pyramidea) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae.

Amphipyra pyramidea
Amphipyra.pyramidea.jpg
Copper underwing moth
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Amphipyra
Species:
A. pyramidea
Binomial name
Amphipyra pyramidea

DistributionEdit

This species can be found across the Palaearctic region including Europe, North Africa, the Near East, Iran, southern Siberia, northern India, Korea and Japan.[1][2] It is rather common over the southern half of Britain.[3]

DescriptionEdit

This species has a wingspan of 47–54 mm,[3] the female usually slightly larger than the male. The forewings are brown marked with paler fascia and a pale, dark-centred stigma. The hindwings are a rich bright copper colour (hence the common name of "copper underwing").

It is very similar to Svensson's copper underwing (Amphipyra berbera) but identification is usually fairly straightforward by looking at some markings on the forewings,[4] the detail of the labial palps[3] and at the underside of the hindwings. This species has a pale area in the centre of the hindwings, contrasting with much darker marginal areas, while in A. berbera the whole underwing is more or less uniform in colour. See Townsend et al.[5] The larva is green with white markings and a pointed hump at the rear end.

Differentiation of A. pyramidea from A. berberaEdit

BiologyEdit

It is a univoltine species. Hatching season is as early as June in some climates but they usually hatch July to October. Eggs are laid in deciduous trees. Larva can be found as early as April in some climates but usually emerge in May–June. A pyramidea flies at night from August to October[1] and is attracted to light and strongly to sugar.[3] It feeds on a variety of trees and shrubs, including ash tree (Fraxinus), privet (Ligustrum), honeysuckle (Lonicera), apple (Malus), oak (Quercus), Rhododendron, rose, wild service tree (Sorbus) and lilac (Syringa).[6][3][1][7] The species overwinters as an egg.

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This may vary in other parts of the range.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Savela, Markku (28 July 2019). "Amphipyra pyramidea (Linnaeus, 1758)". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ Fauna Europaea
  3. ^ a b c d e Kimber, Ian. "73.062 BF2297 Copper Underwing Amphipyra pyramidea (Linnaeus, 1758)". UKMoths. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  4. ^ Entomart
  5. ^ Martin C. Townsend, Jon Clifton and Brian Goodey (2010). British and Irish Moths: An Illustrated Guide to Selected Difficult Species. (covering the use of genitalia characters and other features) Butterfly Conservation.
  6. ^ Robinson, Gaden S.; Ackery, Phillip R.; Kitching, Ian J.; Beccaloni, George W.; Hernández, Luis M. (2010). "Search the database - introduction and help". HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London.
  7. ^ Mazzei, Paolo; Morel, Daniel & Panfili, Raniero. Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa

External linksEdit