Confluence of sinuses
The confluence of sinuses, torcular Herophili, or torcula is the connecting point of the superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus, and occipital sinus. It is found deep to the occipital protuberance of the skull. Blood arriving at this point then proceeds to drain into the left and right transverse sinuses. The superior sagittal sinus often drains into (either exclusively or predominantly) one transverse sinus, and the straight sinus drains into the other.
|Confluence of sinuses|
Dural veins. (Labeled with "confluens sinuum")
Sagittal section of the skull, showing the sinuses of the dura. (Labeled with "torcula herophili".)
|Source||superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus, occipital sinus|
|Drains to||transverse sinuses|
|Latin||confluens sinuum, torcula herophili|
An older term often used for the confluence of sinuses "torcular Herophili," describes the veins as a gutter, or canal, and honors Herophilos, the Greek anatomist who was the first to use cadavers for the systematic study of anatomy. This term more precisely refers to the concavity in the bone which is the location of the confluence of sinuses.
- Tubbs, R.S. Neuroanatomy, 2002:1, 14
- Anatomy figure: 28:03-07 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center
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