Comrades is a 1986 British historical drama film directed by Bill Douglas and starring an ensemble cast including Robin Soans, Phil Davis, Keith Allen, Robert Stephens, Vanessa Redgrave and James Fox. Through the pictures of a travelling lanternist, it depicts the story of the Tolpuddle Martyrs, who were arrested and transported to Australia in 1834 for trying to improve their conditions by forming an early form of trade union. It was Bill Douglas's last film.
|Directed by||Bill Douglas|
|Written by||Bill Douglas|
|Produced by||Simon Relph|
|Edited by||Mick Audsley|
|Distributed by||Curzon Film Distributors|
In credits order:
- Robin Soans as George Loveless, leader of the Tolpuddle Martyrs
- William Gaminara as James Loveless, George Loveless's younger brother
- Stephen Bateman as Old (Tom) Standfield
- Philip Davis as Young (John) Standfield, Old Standfield's son
- Jeremy Flynn as James Brine
- Keith Allen as James Hammett
- Alex Norton as Lanternist, Sergeant Bell, Diorama Showman, Laughing Cavalier, Wollaston, Ranger, Tramp, Sea Captain, McCallum, Silhouettist, and Mad Photographer
- Michael Clark as Sailor
- John Lee as Juggler
- Arthur Dignam as Fop, Hammett's master in New South Wales
- James Fox as William Norfolk, (fictitious) Governor of New South Wales
- John Hargreaves as Convict
- Michael Hordern as Mr Pitt, campaigner for the Martyrs' freedom
- Freddie Jones as Vicar of Tolpuddle
- Murray Melvin as Frampton's Clerk
- Vanessa Redgrave as Mrs Violet Carlyle, owner of a New South Wales sheep station
- Robert Stephens as James Frampton, Squire of Tolpuddle
- Barbara Windsor as Mrs Wetham, owner of a Dorchester print shop
- Imelda Staunton as Betsy Loveless, wife of George Loveless
- Katy Behean as Sarah Loveless, wife of James Loveless
- Amber Wilkinson as Hetty Loveless, daughter of George Loveless
- Patricia Healey as Mrs Brine, mother of James Brine
- Shane Downe as Joseph Brine, younger brother of James Brine
- Sandra Voe as Diana Standfield, wife of Old Standfield, mother of Young Standfield
- Valerie Whittington as Elvi Standfield, daughter of Old Standfield, younger sister of Young Standfield
- Harriet Doyle as Charity Standfield, daughter of Old Tom Standfield, younger sister of Young Standfield
- Patrick Field as John Hammett, brother of James Hammett, the village carpenter
- Heather Page as Bridget Hammett, wife of John Hammett
- Joanna David as Mrs Frampton
- Trevor Ainsley as Gentlemen Farmer #1
- Malcolm Terris as Gentlemen Farmer #2
- Dave Atkins as Frampton's Foreman
- Alex McCrindle as Jailor
- Shane Briant as Official in New South Wales
- Lynette Curran as Prostitute in New South Wales
- Symon Parsonage as Charlie, a teenage convict
- Anna Volska as Woman in White at Auction
The film had a very long and troubled production. Although Bill Douglas had the screenplay ready in 1980, it took six years to complete it, due to problems of filming in England and Australia, Douglas's perfectionism, and conflicts with his first producer, Ismail Merchant. Parts of the film were shot in the ghost town of Tyneham in south Dorset which was taken over by the military during WWII for use as a training area and is still part of a large military range.
The film was first shown at the Southampton Film Festival in February 1986. It was also shown at the London Film Festival in 1986, and entered into the 37th Berlin International Film Festival in February 1987. In August 1987 it was released in British cinemas.
After a short run in cinemas, followed by a VHS release in 1989, the film was largely forgotten. However, 20 years later Bill Douglas' small but significant production was reappraised, and in 2009 the British Film Institute released a restored version of Comrades on DVD, followed in early 2012 by a three-disc dual format DVD and Blu-ray box set.
The film has been described as "a moving, magical poem of human dignity, decency and hope".
- "Back to the Future: The Fall and Rise of the British Film Industry in the 1980s - An Information Briefing" (PDF). British Film Institute. 2005. p. 21.
- BFI Screenonline: Comrades (1986) Retrieved 2012-11-07
- "International Sound Track". Variety. 18 February 1987. p. 49.
- "Berlinale: 1987 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- BBFC: Comrades DVD 1989 Retrieved 2012-11-07
- Amazon UK: Comrades [DVD] (1986) Retrieved 2012-11-07
- Amazon UK: Comrades [DVD + Blu-ray] (1986) Retrieved 2012-11-07
- "Comrades, DVD review". The Daily Telegraph. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2012.