Compton is a village and civil parish in the Guildford district of Surrey, England. It is between Godalming and Guildford. It has a medieval church and a close connection to fine art and pottery, being the later life home of artist George Frederic Watts. The village has considerable woodland and agriculture, and the undeveloped portions are in the Metropolitan Green Belt. The village is traversed by the North Downs Way and has a large western conservation area. Central to the village are the Watts Gallery, the cemetery chapel commissioned by his wife for him, two inns and the parish church.
Church of St. Nicholas, Compton.
|Area||8.43 km2 (3.25 sq mi)|
|Population||1,154 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||137/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
The village is just off the Compton junction of the A3 road and is crossed parallel to its linear street by the North Downs Way. Compton contains the Watts Mortuary Chapel, built to the memory of Symbolist painter George Frederic Watts, a resident of the village. Development can be classed as ribbon development around the through road, the 2001 census gives a population of 972 living in 384 households. The maximum elevation is on the Hog's Back at 152m, the minimum at a small brook flowing east of the village centre, at its lowest on outflow at 45m above sea level.
The western part of the village forms a conservation area (as well as a very small eastern part between The Avenue and Compton Wood).
Relics from the structure of the tower of the village's church, St Nicholas', suggest that the area was settled during the period of Roman occupation of Britain. Compton appears in Domesday Book of as Conton(e). It was held by Walter, son of Othere. Its domesday assets were: 11 hides; 1 church, 9 ploughs, 7 acres (28,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered £9.
St Nicholas' Church contains one of the oldest surviving carved Norman screens. The basic structure, including the tower, is Anglo-Saxon, but it has been much altered over the centuries. For example, the influence of the Normans can be seen in the arches, the timber roofing (thought to date back to 1165) and the unique carved wooden screen in the chancel. Other features were added in the generations that followed, such as the spire (14th century), the pulpit and the clock (17th century). The church is grade I.
The Withies Inn is one of the oldest buildings in the village. Just off the main road, it was built in the 16th century.
The manor of Field Place was bought in 1709 by the London publisher Samuel Manship (1665-1720), passing to his widow Anne and then their son John. His son John only had one child Anne, who eloped, and the manor was sold.
George Frederic WattsEdit
One of Compton’s most decorated residents by his profession was the artist who was primarily a painter, George Frederic Watts, who lived his later life at a house he called "Limnerslease", close to which is the early 20th century Watts Gallery, dedicated to his work. The gallery is open to visitors. After his death, Watts Mortuary Chapel and cloister designed by his wife Mary Seton Watts were built on a hill overlooking the village. Among his subjects were Hope (part of his "House of Life" cycle), Orpheus and Eurydice and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
The Compton Potters' Arts Guild was formed in 1899 by Mary Fraser-Tytler (her name before marriage to G. F. Watts) and initially used a source of local clay discovered during the building of Limnerslease. It continued until 1954.
Artist and historian Mary Wondrausch lives and works in the parish at the site of a former brickworks. Made of local clay from the foundations of the pottery of Mary Wondrausch, sculptor Jon Edgar's Compton Triptych was unveiled in November 2011. The three terracotta heads celebrate the parish of Compton and the diverse figures who have contributed to this community.
Arthur Conan Doyle's novels Sir Nigel and The White Company refer to the key characters Nigel Loring and Mary Loring, their daughter Maude and her husband Alleyne Edricson, 'their children and children’s children' as having their dust laid unmarked and unbrassed before the steps of the ancient altar of Compton Church. The archer Samkin Aylward is marked by a mound near the old yew in the churchyard. A production company was registered in late 1960s until the 1970s as Sir Nigel Films/Compton Films and produced The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes. Compton is the home village of characters described in Freeman Wills Crofts' 1933 murder mystery The Hog's Back Mystery.
Demography and housingEdit
The proportion of households in Compton who owned their home outright was 8% above the regional average. The proportion who owned their home with a loan was 3.6% lower than the regional average; social housing formed 13.7% of homes, providing overall a greater proportion of social rented housing and lower proportion of privately rented housing relative to the average of Surrey, the district and of the United Kingdom.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||% Socially rented||hectares|
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
Compton is in Guildford (UK Parliament constituency), which since its inception has fluctuated between political parties. Local government is administered by Guildford Borough Council and Surrey County Council.
- Key Statistics: Tenure; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Census data
- Current conservation areas Guildford Borough Council Retrieved 20 November 2013
- Surrey Domesday Book Archived 23 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188621)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 May 2012. St Nicholas Church
- 'Parishes: Compton', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, ed. H E Malden (London, 1911), pp. 16-24 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/surrey/vol3/pp16-24 , retrieved 21 October 2015
- Brickfields : My Life at Brickfields As a Potter, Painter, Gardener, Writer and Cook (2004) Wondrausch, Mary ISBN 0-9548237-0-2
- Sir Nigel, by Arthur Conan Doyle. Chapter xxvii.How the Third Messenger Came to Cosford
- Electoral Divisions Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
- Your local councillors Guildford Borough Council. Retrieved 20 November 2013
- Your Councillor Surrey County Council. Retrieved 6 November 2013
- Forster, David. (2001). AA 50 Walks in Surrey.