Common beisa oryx

The common beisa oryx (Oryx beisa beisa), also known as the beisa oryx, is the nominate subspecies of the East African oryx native to the Horn of Africa and Kenya. It is closely related to the fringe-eared oryx. There are four species of oryx, one of which has two distinct subspecies. Although they are very similar in appearance, they have a number of distinct characteristics that allow identification. Common beisa oryx have fringed ears and black tufts of hair that extend past their ears. However, all species of oryx are compact and muscular with relative long bodies and broad necks. There are not any marked difference between male and female oryx. The common beisa oryx enjoy feeding on a variety of grass species. They feed during the day when the plants hold the most water. During dry season, they feed on poisonous Adenium plants.

Common beisa oryx
Beisa Oryx, Samburu NR, Kenya.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Hippotraginae
Genus: Oryx
O. b. beisa
Trinomial name
Oryx beisa beisa
Rüppell, 1835
East African oryx Oryx beisa distribution map.png
Fringe-eared and common oryx ranges.[1]


Beisa oryx once inhibited a large region of Northeastern Africa, from Sudan to Africa down to Tanzania, but it has been going extinct rapidly. Now they mostly remain in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. Beisa oryx stay in bushland and grassland areas. During wet season, they move to high ground and avoid tall grass and saturated areas. They move great distances to find a perfect location and stay for a few seasons.


  1. ^ IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2008. Oryx beisa. In: IUCN 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-27.. Downloaded on 14 July 2015.


  1. ^ “Beisa Oryx.” Beisa Oryx | MpalaLive,
  2. ^ SloaneCommunications, Lulu. “Aerial Surveys Highlight Beisa Oryx Hotspot.” Fauna & Flora International, Fauna & Flora International , 20 Feb. 2018,