Collyweston is a village and civil parish in North Northamptonshire, about three miles southwest of Stamford, Lincolnshire, on the road (the A43) to Kettering. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 514.
The Collyweston Slater pub
|Population||514 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
The village is on the southern side of the Welland valley east of Tixover. The River Welland, at the point nearby to the northwest, is the boundary between Rutland and Northamptonshire. British Railways closed Ketton and Collyweston railway station in 1966.
Collyweston is currently served by buses on the Stamford to Peterborough via Duddington route. The Jurassic Way and Hereward Way pass through the village to the north, crossing the Welland at Collyweston Bridge, near Geeston.
The local Wildlife Trust has a fifteen-acre nature reserve at Collyweston Quarries where Lincolnshire limestone was quarried, to the north of the A43. This has the pyramidal orchid, common dodder, greater knapweed, common rock-rose, common bird's foot trefoil, and clustered bellflower. Birds found there include the European green woodpecker and glowworms are found there in the summer.
An alternative name for the village may be "Colyns Weston", in 1396.
A pub there is called 'The Collyweston Slater', an Everards Brewery pub, on Main Road. New houses have been built down a road called Collyns Way. The parish church is St Andrew's; it is a Grade II* listed building.
In the late sixteenth century, the town gave its name to the manner of wearing the mandilion 'Colley-Weston-ward' for unknown reasons.
The term 'collywest' (or 'colleywest', or 'collywesson') is a derivative of Collyweston that may be used to describe either (1) anything a bit crooked, awry, wobbly, or generally disordered, or (2) opposite, wrong way, or contrary. It has been suggested that when slate had been quarried in Collyweston, they sold the nice even pieces but used the crooked poorer-quality pieces for their own homes. Hence, the village rooftops were especially disordered. In the northern US, the term 'galleywest' is widely held by their dictionaries to be a derivative of 'collywest'.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- "Key to English Place-names".
- "Collyweston", An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Northamptonshire, Volume 6, Architectural Monuments in North Northamptonshire, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1984, p. 33
- Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/541; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/bCP40no541adorses/IMG_0466.htm; third entry from the bottom
- Ó Muirithe, Diarmaid (2011). Words We Don't use (Much Anymore). Gill & Macmillan.
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