Colin Clive (born Colin Glenn Clive-Greig; 20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was a British stage and screen actor. His most memorable role was Henry Frankenstein, the creator of the monster, in the 1931 film Frankenstein and its 1935 sequel, Bride of Frankenstein.
Colin Glenn Clive-Greig
20 January 1900
|Died||25 June 1937 (aged 37)|
|Resting place||Ashes scattered at sea|
|Education||Stonyhurst College |
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
(m. 1922; died 1929)
(m. 1929; died 1937)
Clive was born in Saint-Malo, France, to an English colonel, Colin Philip Greig, and his wife, Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive. He attended Stonyhurst College and subsequently Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, where an injured knee disqualified him from military service and contributed to his becoming a stage actor. He was a member of the Hull Repertory Theatre Company for three years.
Clive created the role of Steve Baker, the white husband of racially mixed Julie LaVerne, in the first London production of Show Boat; the production featured Cedric Hardwicke and Paul Robeson. Clive first worked with James Whale in the Savoy Theatre production of Journey's End and subsequently joined the British community in Hollywood, repeating his stage role in the film version.
Clive's first screen role, in Journey's End (1930), was also directed by James Whale. Clive played the tormented alcoholic Captain Stanhope, a character that (much like Clive's other roles) mirrored his personal life. He was an in-demand leading man for a number of major film actresses of the era, including Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Corinne Griffith and Jean Arthur. He starred as Edward Rochester in the 1934 adaptation of Jane Eyre opposite Virginia Bruce. He was a descendant of Clive of India and appeared in a featured role in a film biography of his ancestor in 1935.
Clive's alcoholism was apparent to his co-stars, as he was often seen napping on set and sometimes was so intoxicated that he had to be held upright for over-the-shoulder shots. Clive was tormented by the medical threat of amputating his long-damaged leg.
Forrest J Ackerman recalled visiting Clive's body: "I actually saw him in death, lying in a bed at a mortuary where it was possible for the public to view his body. He looked remarkably as he had when lying in bed in The Bride of Frankenstein." Over 300 mourners turned out. One of the pallbearers was Peter Lorre. His cenotaph is located at Chapel of the Pines Crematory.
|Date of 1st performance||Title||Author(s)||City||Theater||Role|
|1925 March 20||Rose-Marie||Otto Harbach, Rudolf Friml, Herbert Stothart||London||Drury Lane||Edward Hawley|
|1926 May 30||Getting Mother Married||Neil Grant||London||Apollo||Capt. Eric Wilbraham|
|1927 June 30||Fire||Arthur Rose||London||Everyman Theatre||St. John Sevening|
|1928 May 3||Show Boat||Oscar Hammerstein II, Jerome Kern||London||Drury Lane||Steve|
|1928 November 4||The Dark Path||Evan John||London||Savoy Theatre||James Havilland|
|1929 January 21||Journey's End||R. C. Sherriff||London||Savoy Theatre||Cpt. Stanhope|
|1929 April 14||Let's Leave It At That||Jeanne de Casalis, Colin Clive||London||Prince of Wales's Theatre||Michael Stern|
|1929 April 23||Shall We Join the Ladies?||J. M. Barrie||London||PalaceTheatre||Mr. Vaile|
|1930 February 2||Forty-Seven||Sydney Loch||London||Prince of Wales's Theatre||Forty-Seven|
|1930 April 22||Hamlet||William Shakespeare||London||Haymarket Theatre||Laertes|
|1930 June 30||The Swan||Ferenc Molnár||London||St. James's Theatre||Dr. Nicholas Agi|
|1930 December 5||Overture||William Bolitho||New York||Longacre Theatre||Karl Ritter|
|1931 May 21||The Crime at Blossoms||Mordaunt Shairp||London||Playhouse Theatre||Christopher Merryman|
|1932 July 19||Escape||John Galsworthy||London||Garrick Theatre||Matt Denant|
|1932 August 22||Loyalties||John Galsworthy||London||Garrick Theatre||Ronald Dancy|
|1932 September 29||Justice||John Galsworthy||London||Garrick Theatre||William Falder|
|1933 October 28||Eight Bells||Percy G. Mandley||New York||Hudson Theatre||Dale|
|1933 December 26||The Lake||Dorothy Massingham and Murray MacDonald||New York||Martin Beck Theatre||John Clayne|
|1935 December 20||Libel||Edward Wooll||New York||Henry Miller's Theatre||Sir Mark Loddon, Bart. M.P.|
- Journey's End (1930) as Capt. Denis Stanhope (film debut)
- Frankenstein (1931) as Henry Frankenstein
- The Stronger Sex (1931) as Warren Barrington
- Lily Christine (1932) as Rupert Harvey
- Christopher Strong (1933) as Sir Christopher Strong
- Looking Forward (1933) as Geoffrey Fielding
- The Key (1934) as Capt. Andrew 'Andy' Kerr
- One More River (1934) as Sir Gerald Corven
- Jane Eyre (1934) as Edward Rochester
- Clive of India (1935) as Capt. Johnstone
- The Right to Live (1935) as Maurice
- Bride of Frankenstein (1935) as Henry Frankenstein
- The Girl from 10th Avenue (1935) as John Marland
- Mad Love (1935) as Stephen Orlac
- The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (1935) as Bertrand Berkeley
- The Widow from Monte Carlo (1935) as Lord Eric Reynolds
- History Is Made at Night (1937) as Bruce Vail
- The Woman I Love (1937) as Capt. Thelis (final film)
- "Colin Clive," The Stage (1 July 1937), p. 7. [obituary]
- Colin Clive at IMDb
- "Colin Clive, Actor, Dies in Hollywood". The New York Times. 26 June 1937. Retrieved 26 September 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Vieira, Mark A. (2003). Hollywood Horror: From Gothic to Cosmic. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 82. ISBN 0-8109-4535-5.
- Mank, Gregory William (2001). Hollywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films From the Genre's Golden Age. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-7864-1112-2.
- "The Bride of Frankenstein". Famous Monsters of Filmland. Vol. 4 no. 6. Santa Rosa, California: Warren Publishing. February 1963. p. 71.
- Rowell, George; Jackson, Anthony; Jackson, Tony (1984). The Repertory Movement: A History of Regional Theatre in Britain. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780521319195.
- "Hull Little Theatre - Performers Who Will Be Seen in Next Week's Play". Daily Mail (12462). Hull, England. 12 September 1925. p. 2.
- "Little Theatre Anti-Climax - Unworthy Finish to Highly Successful Season". Daily Mail (12512). Hull, England. 10 November 1925. p. 8.
- Wearing 1984, p. 589.
- Shared role with Brian Gilmour.
- Wearing 1984, p. 740.
- Wearing 1984, p. 886.
- Wearing 1984, p. 992.
- Shared part with Jack Livesey.
- Wearing 1984, p. 1057.
- Wearing 1984, p. 1087.
- Wearing 1984, p. 1119-20.
- Revived at the Queen's Theatre on 10 June 1929.
- Wearing 1984, p. 1124.
- Wearing 1990, p. 10.
- Wearing 1990, p. 38.
- Wearing 1990, p. 67.
- Replaced by Basil Langton and Glen Byam Shaw.
- "Overture", Internet Broadway Database".
- Wearing 1990, p. 191.
- Wearing 1990, p. 359.
- Wearing 1990, p. 364.
- Wearing 1990, p. 375.
- "Eight Bells", Internet Broadway Database".
- "The Lake", Internet Broadway Database".
- "Libe", Internet Broadway Database".
- Curtis, James (1998). James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston: Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571192854.
- Wearing, J. P. (1984). The London Stage: 1920-1929: A calendar of Plays and Players. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810817159.
- Wearing, J. P. (1990). The London Stage: 1930-1939: A calendar of Plays and Players. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810823495.
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