Cogne (French: [kɔɲ], Italian: [ˈkɔɲɲe];[3] Issime Walser: Kunji) is a town and comune (municipality) in Aosta Valley, northern Italy, with 1439 inhabitants, as of 2012.

Cogne
Comune di Cogne
Commune de Cogne
Panorama Cogne.jpg
Coat of arms of Cogne
Coat of arms
Location of Cogne
Cogne is located in Italy
Cogne
Cogne
Location of Cogne in Italy
Cogne is located in Aosta Valley
Cogne
Cogne
Cogne (Aosta Valley)
Coordinates: 45°36′28.62″N 7°21′20.16″E / 45.6079500°N 7.3556000°E / 45.6079500; 7.3556000Coordinates: 45°36′28.62″N 7°21′20.16″E / 45.6079500°N 7.3556000°E / 45.6079500; 7.3556000
CountryItaly
RegionAosta Valley
FrazioniVeulla, Boutillères, Champlong, Crétaz, Épinel, Gimillan, Moline, Montroz, Lillaz, Valnontey
Government
 • MayorFranco Allera
Area
 • Total212 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation
1,534 m (5,033 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2012)[2]
 • Total1,544
 • Density7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cogneins
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11012
Dialing code0165
Patron saintUrsus of Aosta
Saint day1 February
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

 
Panorama of the Cogne Valley in August 2015.
 
The St Ursus Meadow is still used to gather hay for livestock.

Cogne is located in the valley with the same name along a stream known as the Torrent Grand Eyvia. It is the largest municipality in the Aosta Valley. Cogne is 140 kilometres (87 mi) from Turin, 160 kilometres (99 mi) from Geneva and 26.5 kilometres (16.5 mi) from Aosta.

The town center of Cogne, called "Veulla" (meaning "town center" in the local Arpitan language), is surrounded by four valleys:

A large meadow, known as the St Ursus Meadow (It. Prati di Sant'Orso; Fr. Prés de Saint-Ours), is located at the southern edge of the town center (webcam); the municipal statute forbids any construction works on this meadow, which has received recognition as a "Wonder of Italy".[4][5]

HistoryEdit

The population of Cogne originates from the Arpitane valleys of the Piedmont region. In the past, economic relations, and trade routes were directed to these valleys, using muletracks and mountain passes, like the Rancio Pass or the Arietta Pass. The economic influence of the Aosta Valley is more recent.

Until the 1970s, Cogne was an important mining center for the extraction of iron ore. The main mineral veins were exploited in the mines of Colonne, Licony e Larsinaz. The ore (mainly magnetite) was transported for processing to the Cogne steel plant in Aosta using a narrow gauge railway. The mines were closed in 1979.

Recent natural disasters that have hit the region include the flood of 1993 and that of October 15, 2000, when more than 400 millimetres (16 in) of rain fell in two days, causing inundations and landslides.

SportEdit

Cogne is an international center of cross country skiing with 70 kilometres (43 mi) of trails. There are also 9 kilometres (6 mi) of downhill runs, many walks on the snow and more than 140 icefalls. During the summer, hiking and mountain biking are popular.[6]

Main sightsEdit

CrimeEdit

Cogne was the seat of the Cogne Homicide.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Bruno Migliorini et al. (2007). "Cogne". Dizionario italiano multimediale e multilingue d'ortografia e di pronunzia. Rai Eri. ISBN 978-88-397-1478-7.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Cogne, i prati di Sant'Orso sono una "Meraviglia Italiana". - AostaSera.it
  5. ^ Prateria di S. Orso - Cogne - sito paesaggistico
  6. ^ Official tourism site

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cogne at Wikimedia Commons