Coenagrion is a genus of damselflies in the family Coenagrionidae,[2] commonly called the Eurasian Bluets (although three species are found in North America: Coenagrion angulatum, Coenagrion interrogatum, and Coenagrion resolutum[3]). Species of Coenagrion are generally medium-sized, brightly coloured damselflies.[4]

Coenagrion pulchellum m 4344.jpg
Coenagrion pulchellum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Zygoptera
Family: Coenagrionidae
Genus: Coenagrion
Kirby, 1890[1]


The genus Coenagrion includes the following species:[5][6][7]


Thermal adaptationEdit

This genus's capacity for phenotypically plastic responses to the surface air temperature is important to species' ranges.[13] These thermal responses will also decide a great deal of these species' responses to climate change.[13] Nilsson-Örtman et al., 2012 find a high degree of thermal adaptation in high latitude populations of Coenagrion.[13] They found similar plasticity even for various sympatric species at the same locations, and despite the highly variable weather at such latitudes.[13]


  1. ^ Kirby, W.F. (1890). A Synonymic Catalogue of Neuroptera Odonata, or Dragonflies. With an Appendix of fossil species. London: Gurney & Jackson. pp. 202 [148]. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.5534.
  2. ^ "Genus Coenagrion Kirby, 1890". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  3. ^ Lam, Ed. Damselflies of the Northeast, Forest Hill:Biodiversity Press, 2004.[page needed]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Checklist of UK Species". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  5. ^ Coenagrion.
  6. ^ [1] Zygoptera
  7. ^ Dennis Paulson; Martin Schorr; Cyrille Deliry. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 15 Feb 2022.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Checklist, English common names". Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  9. ^ a b c "North American Odonata". University of Puget Sound. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  10. ^ Hawking, J. (2009). "Coenagrion lyelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2009: e.T163530A5612194. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T163530A5612194.en.
  11. ^ "Dainty Bluet". Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  12. ^ Schneider, W. & Kalkman, V. (2010). "Coenagrion syriacum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T60272A12338268. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T60272A12338268.en.
  13. ^ a b c d Sgrò, Carla M.; Terblanche, John S.; Hoffmann, Ary A. (2016-03-11). "What Can Plasticity Contribute to Insect Responses to Climate Change?". Annual Review of Entomology. Annual Reviews. 61 (1): 433–451. doi:10.1146/annurev-ento-010715-023859. ISSN 0066-4170.