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Codlea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkodle̯a]; German: Zeiden; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Zäöeden; Hungarian: Feketehalom) is a city in Brașov County, central Romania.

Codlea
Municipality
Saxon Fortified Church in Codlea
Saxon Fortified Church in Codlea
Coat of arms of Codlea
Coat of arms
Location of Codlea
Location of Codlea
Location in Brașov County
Location in Brașov County
Codlea is located in Braşov County
Codlea
Codlea
Location of Codlea
Coordinates: 45°41′49″N 25°26′38″E / 45.69694°N 25.44389°E / 45.69694; 25.44389Coordinates: 45°41′49″N 25°26′38″E / 45.69694°N 25.44389°E / 45.69694; 25.44389
Country Romania
CountyBrașov County
StatusMunicipality
Government
 • MayorCătălin Muntean (PNL)
Area
 • Total132.79 km2 (51.27 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total21,708
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.primaria-codlea.ro/

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Măgura Codlei

During the 13th century, the Teutonic Order built a fortress known as Schwarzburg ("black castle") near the "Măgura Codlei". The castle's name was first noted in 1265 and was rebuilt for the last time in 1432 by the craftsmen’s guild that worked in the town. The city of Codlea is believed to have been also founded by Germans. The fortified church in the city is the largest in the Burzenland historic region. Codlea was well known for its flowers and was called the city of flowers.

NameEdit

The Romanian name "Codlea" could be a derivation from the Latin *codella, diminutive from Latin coda ‘edge, rearward’ or it could be a derivation from the Slavic cotal ("kettle"), as the Măgura Codlei ("kettle hill") looks like a kettle. In Romanian, Măgura means 'big hill, mound, forest located on a high place'. The hill also provides the Hungarian name of the city Feketehegy ("Black Hill"). The German name's origin is unknown, but there is a theory that it was derived from Zeidler ("beekeeper").

PopulationEdit

  • 1510: 670
  • 1814: 3,264
  • 1849: 3,764
  • 1890: 4,035
    • 2,680 Germans (67%)
    • 1,211 Romanians (30%)
    • 44 Hungarians(1%)
    • 100 Jews and others (2%)
  • 1930: 5,219
    • 3,111 Germans (60%)
    • 1,916 Romanians (36%)
    • 192 Hungarians (4%)
  • 1941: 6,214
  • 1966: 13,075
  • 1977: 22,744
  • 1982: 23,500
  • 1992: 24,620
  • 2002: 24,286
  • 2011: 21,708

As of 2011, 90.2% of inhabitants were Romanians, 5.6% Roma, 2.8% Hungarians and 1% Germans. As of 2002, 86.8% were Romanian Orthodox, 3.7% Roman Catholic, 3.1% Pentecostal, 2.2% Christian Evangelical, 1% Evangelical Augustan Confession and 0.8% Reformed.

NativesEdit

External linksEdit