Coclé (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈkle]) is a province of central Panama on the nation's southern coast. The administrative capital is the city of Penonomé. This province was created by the Act of September 12, 1855 with the title of Department of Coclé during the presidency of Dr. Justo de Arosemena. It became a province, Decretory Number 190, on October 20, 1985. Coclé is primarily an agricultural area, with sugar and tomatoes as major crops. The province has a number of well-known beaches, such as Santa Clara, Farallon and Rio Hato, and tourist activity has increased in recent years. It covers an area of 4,946.6 km2, and had a population of 268,264 in 2023.[4]

Coclé Province
Provincia de Coclé
Flag of Coclé Province
Official seal of Coclé Province
"Trabajo, desarrollo y progreso" (Spanish)
"Work, development and progress"
Location of Coclé in Panama
Location of Coclé in Panama
Coordinates (Seat of Government): 8°30′N 80°30′W / 8.500°N 80.500°W / 8.500; -80.500
 • Total4,946.6 km2 (1,909.9 sq mi)
 (2023 census)[1]
 • Total268,264
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
GDP (PPP, constant 2015 values)
 • Year2023
 • Total$5.2 billion[2]
 • Per capita$20,500
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern Time)
ISO 3166 codePA-2
HDI (2019)0.787[3]

Pre-Columbian Coclé


During pre-Columbian times, the area of Panama which today includes Coclé province had a number of identifiable native cultures. Archaeologists have loosely designated these cultures by pottery style. The poorly studied La Mula period ranged from 150 BC to AD 300. It was followed by the Tonosi period, from AD 300 to AD 550, and by the Cubita period, from AD 550 to AD 700. A unified Indigenous culture appears to have flourished in this area from approximately 1200 BC until the 16th century.

Administrative divisions


Coclé Province is divided into 6 distritos (districts) and subdivided into 44 corregimientos.[5]

Distrito Area




Aguadulce 469 47,470 51,668
Antón 748 53,361 57,672
La Pintada 1,030 27,976 30,161
Natá 605 21,507 23,374
Olá 386 6,842 7,366
Penonomé 1,709 87,600 94,908
District Corregimientos (Subdivisions) Cabecera (Seat)
Aguadulce District San Juan Bautista de Aguadulce, El Cristo, El Roble, Pocrí, Barrios Unidos San Juan Bautista de Aguadulce
Antón District Antón, Cabuya, El Chirú, El Retiro, El Valle, Juan Díaz, Río Hato, San Juan de Dios, Santa Rita, Caballero Antón
La Pintada District La Pintada, El Harino, El Potrero, Llano Grande, Piedras Gordas, Las Lomas, Llano Norte La Pintada
Natá District Natá de los Caballeros, Capellanía, El Caño, Guzmán, Las Huacas, Toza Natá de los Caballeros
Olá District Olá, El Copé, El Palmar, El Picacho, La Pava Olá
Penonomé District Penonomé, Cañaveral, Coclé, Chiguirí Arriba, El Coco, Pajonal, Río Grande, Río Indio, Toabré, Tulú, El Valle de San Miguel, Vista Hermosa, Los Uveros, El Silencio Penonomé

Research and conservation


Parque Nacional General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera, established around the crash site of former Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos, is located in the northeastern portion of Coclé. Parque Omar, as it is known, enjoys some legal protection as a national park.

Coclé is also home to APROVACA orchid conservation center, which conducts orchid conservation activities, including orchid reintroduction into the wild and a sponsorship program for the Panamanian national flower Peristeria elata.

Folklorist Rosita Liao Gonzales was awarded the Order of Manuel José Hurtado for her work categorizing the cultures of Coclé Province.[8]


  • Lothrop, Samuel Kirland. Pre-Columbian Designs from Panama -Illustrations of Coclé Pottery. Dover Publications, Toronto, Canada, 1976. ISBN 0-486-23232-8.
  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.
  2. ^ "TelluBase—Panama Fact Sheet (Tellusant Public Service Series)" (PDF). Tellusant. Retrieved 2024-01-11.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.
  5. ^ "Municipios (Distritos) de Coclé". Editorial OX. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  6. ^ As at 1 July 2010; adjusted for under-enumeration in 2010 Census. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.
  7. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.
  8. ^ Tomado de: Liao González, Rosita. Las flores de la pollera: pequeño manual para confeccionar y ubicar los tembleques a la usanza coclesana / Rosita Liao González.--Panamá: Editora Sibauste,2003.--23p.