Cobija is a city in Bolivia, capital of the department of Pando, and is located about 600 km (373 mi.) north of La Paz in the Amazon Basin on the border with Brazil. Cobija lies on the banks of the Rio Acre across from the Brazilian city of Brasiléia. Cobija lies at an elevation of ca. 280 m (920 ft.) above sea level and has a tropical and rainy climate.

Cobija
City
From the top: Square and church, Monument to the Highway Effort and its Historic Carreton, Municipal government Palace, Chestnut, collection and fruits, Judicial Square, Odilon Pratagi Street y Binational Bridge Wilson Pinheiro
From the top: Square and church, Monument to the Highway Effort and its Historic Carreton, Municipal government Palace, Chestnut, collection and fruits, Judicial Square, Odilon Pratagi Street y Binational Bridge Wilson Pinheiro
Cobija is located in Bolivia
Cobija
Cobija
Location in Bolivia
Cobija is located in South America
Cobija
Cobija
Cobija (South America)
Coordinates: 11°01′50″S 68°46′00″W / 11.03056°S 68.76667°W / -11.03056; -68.76667
Country Bolivia
Department Pando Department
ProvinceNicolás Suárez
Founded1906
Government
 • MayorAna Lucia Reis Melena
Area
 • Total401 km2 (155 sq mi)
Elevation
280 m (919 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total78,555
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (BOT)
Area code+591 842

Cobija has approximately 80,000 inhabitants, is the seat of a university and capital of the Bolivian Pando Department. Cobija has two airports and is connected by one road to El Choro in the Beni Department, which is not always passable during the rainy season. When the rain allows it, Cobija is connected to the rest of Bolivia also via road. Cobija is connected to Brazil by two bridges.[1]

History

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Cobija was founded in 1906 by Colonel Enrique Cornejo, originally under the name of Bahía and received its current name in 1908 in commemoration of the former Bolivian seaport Cobija on the Pacific, which has been a part of Chile since the War of the Pacific. In the early 1900s, Cobija experienced a boom as an India rubber industry center. When the industry collapsed, a major source of income being lost, Cobija became impoverished and its population fell. Nowadays, Cobija is developing again and its population is increasing. Currently, the region's primary industry is Bolivia nuts, although tourism and commerce are growing. There is a Free economic zone in the city, the largest in Bolivia.[2]

Population

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The inhabitants of Cobija has risen very strongly during the past two decades to more than five-fold. Currently the estimated population is as much as 80,000 inhabitants with a population growth of 6 to 8% per year.

Year Population Census
1992 10 001 census[3]
2001 20 820 census[4]
2020 78,555 census[5]

Sports

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The Estadio Roberto Jordán Cuellar is located in Cobija. The football stadium has a capacity of 24,000.[citation needed]

Climate

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The city of Cobija sits on a sharp curve of the Acre river, at an altitude of 280 metres (920 ft) above sea level and in the north-western Amazon region of Bolivia. Cobija is classified as a tropical monsoon climate, Am in the Köppen classification system. Cobija has two distinct seasons, with a noticeable dry season and a wet rainy season fed by powerful thunderstorms, with hot temperatures year-round.

Climate data for Cobjia (Captain Aníbal Arab Airport), elevation 235 m (771 ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.2
(99.0)
35.5
(95.9)
35.0
(95.0)
36.2
(97.2)
36.0
(96.8)
35.4
(95.7)
36.7
(98.1)
38.5
(101.3)
39.5
(103.1)
38.8
(101.8)
36.6
(97.9)
36.5
(97.7)
39.5
(103.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.7
(87.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.9
(75.0)
25.2
(77.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
19.5
(67.1)
18.0
(64.4)
16.9
(62.4)
17.9
(64.2)
19.5
(67.1)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
21.5
(70.7)
20.0
(68.1)
Record low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
15.0
(59.0)
12.8
(55.0)
11.2
(52.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.4
(48.9)
7.0
(44.6)
7.1
(44.8)
8.0
(46.4)
10.0
(50.0)
10.5
(50.9)
14.5
(58.1)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 260.1
(10.24)
263.9
(10.39)
244.5
(9.63)
180.5
(7.11)
85.0
(3.35)
32.2
(1.27)
23.2
(0.91)
42.3
(1.67)
98.2
(3.87)
165.9
(6.53)
227.6
(8.96)
252.3
(9.93)
1,875.7
(73.86)
Average precipitation days 18.3 17.0 17.3 12.4 7.8 3.9 2.8 3.5 6.8 11.2 14.1 17.0 132.1
Average relative humidity (%) 84.1 84.7 84.4 83.4 81.7 80.0 75.1 71.8 73.9 77.9 80.9 82.8 80.1
Source: Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Bolivia[6][7]
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Transportation

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Cobija is served by major Bolivian airlines at Captain Aníbal Arab Airport[8] and by buses to Riberalta. The Interoceanic Highway passes through the city of Cobija.

11°02′S 68°44′W / 11.033°S 68.733°W / -11.033; -68.733

References

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  1. ^ "Bolivia: Municipal Division (Departments and Municipalities) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "Zofra - Zofra Cobija".
  3. ^ INE – Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 1992 Archived 2014-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ INE – Instituto Nacional de Estadística Bolivia 2001 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Bolivia: Municipal Division (Departments and Municipalities) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  6. ^ "Base de datos Sistema Meteorológico–SISMET" (in Spanish). Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Bolivia. Archived from the original on 7 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  7. ^ "índices climáticos para 149 estaciones meteorológicas en Bolivia" (in Spanish). Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología de Bolivia. Retrieved 12 June 2024.
  8. ^ "VISIT BOLIVIA | Promoción del desarrollo del turismo sostenible en Bolivia. | la Paz - Bolivia". Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-11.