Clintonia umbellulata

Clintonia umbellulata, the white clintonia, Clinton's lilly, or speckled wood lily, is a perennial herb in the lily family. It is found in the deciduous forests of the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States (NY, OH, PA, WV, GA, KY, MD, TN, VA, NC and SC).[2][3][4] It blooms in late spring.

Clintonia umbellulata
White clintonia.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Clintonia
Species:
C. umbellulata
Binomial name
Clintonia umbellulata
Synonyms[1]
  • Clintonia alleghaniensis Harned
  • Clintonia decantha Raf.
  • Clintonia multiflora Beck
  • Clintonia odorata Raf.
  • Clintonia parviflora Raf.
  • Clintonia podanisia Raf.
  • Clintonia umbellata Torr.
  • Convallaria umbellulata Michx.
  • Maianthemum umbellulatum (Michx.) Link
  • Smilacina umbellulata (Michx.) Desf.
  • Xeniatrum umbellatum (Torr.) Salisb.
  • Xeniatrum umbellulatum (Michx.) Small
  • Xeniatrum umbellulatum (Michx.) Salisb.

Clintonia umbellulata has broad, glossy leaves with a few hairs. Flowering stalk is up to 50 cm tall, with a display of drooping flowers. Flowers are white, speckled with green or purple spots. Berries are black and spherical.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  3. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profie: Clintonia umbellulata (Michx.) Morong, 09/18/2012
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, Austin
  6. ^ Morong, Thomas. 1894. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 5(8): 114, Clintonia umbellulata.
  7. ^ Michaux, André. 1803. Flora Boreali-Americana 1: 202, as Convallaria umbellulata
  8. ^ Small, John Kunkel. 1933. Manual of the Southeastern Flora 296, as Xeniatrum umbellulatum.
  9. ^ Harned, Joseph Edward. 1931. Wild Flowers of the Alleghanies 117, as Clintonia alleghaniensis
  10. ^ Horn, Dennis; Tavia Cathcart; Thomas E Hemmerly; et al., eds. (2005). Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians. Auburn, Washington: Lone Pine Publishing. p. 412. ISBN 978-1-55105-428-5.

External linksEdit