Clara Snell Wolfe

Clara Snell Wolfe (1872–1970) was an American suffragist. She founded the Texas branch of the National Woman's Party and became its president.

Clara Snell Wolfe
Clara Snell Wolfe (cropped).jpg
Clara Snell Wolfe, ca. 1920
Clara M. Snell

(1874-05-09)May 9, 1874
Milledgeville, Illinois
DiedJune 12, 1970(1970-06-12) (aged 96)
Upper Arlington, Ohio
Alma materIllinois State Normal University, Oberlin College
OccupationEducator, Suffragist
Albert Benedict Wolfe
m. 1906; died in 1967)


Wolfe née Snell was born on May 9, 1874 in Milledgeville, Illinois. In 1898 she graduated from Illinois State Normal University after which she became a school administrator and teacher, first working at an Illinois high school and then in the Illinois State Normal University system.[1] In 1906 she married Albert Benedict Wolfe and the couple settled in Ohio.[2]

In Ohio Wolfe attended Oberlin College where her husband worked as a teacher. She graduated in 1909, and continued her education at Ohio State University College and the University of California.[1]

Wolfe was an active suffragist and clubwoman. She was a member of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association where she served as the Recording Secretary from 1905 through 1909. She was also a member of the Ohio Federation of Women's Clubs, where she worked on the Ohio suffrage campaign of 1912.[2]

Around 1914 the Wolfes moved to Austin, Texas. There Clara founded the Texas branch of the National Woman's Party (NWP)[3] and became its president.[4]

In 1923 the Wolfes moved back to Ohio. Clara remained active in the NWP, advocating for the Equal Rights Amendment. In 1942 she was elected as Second Vice Chairman of the NWP and in 1949 she was the Executive Council Vice Chairman.[4]

Wolfe died on June 12, 1970 in Upper Arlington, Ohio.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Schmidt, Elizabeth. "Biographical Sketch of Clara Snell Wolfe". Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender. Binghamton University State University of New York. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Schmidt, Elizabeth. "Biographical Sketch of Clara Snell Wolfe". Biographical Database of Militant Woman Suffragists, 1913–1920. Alexander Street. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  3. ^ Temple, Ellen C.; Winegarten, Ruthe; McArthur, Judith N. (2015). Citizens at Last: The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 9781623493684.
  4. ^ a b Moyer, Elaina Friar. "Wolfe, Clara M. Snell". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). Retrieved 17 November 2019.

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