Citroën Xsara

The Citroën Xsara (/ˈzɑːrə/)[2] is a small family car (C-segment in Europe) produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1997 to 2006. The Xsara was a development of the Citroën ZX and Peugeot 306, which shared a platform and running gear.

Citroën Xsara
Citroën Xsara in St Trond.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerCitroën
Production1997–2006
AssemblyFrance: Rennes (PSA Rennes Plant)
Spain: Madrid Villaverde
Spain: Vigo (PSA Vigo Plant)
Uruguay: Barra de Carrasco (Oferol)
China: Wuhan, Hubei
Egypt: Cairo (AAV)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassSmall family car (C)
Body style5-door hatchback (notchback)
3-door hatchback (notchback)
5-door estate
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedCitroën ZX
Peugeot 306
Citroën Xsara Picasso
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length5-door: 4,167–4,188 mm (164.1–164.9 in)
3-door: 4,167–4,188 mm (164.1–164.9 in)
Estate: 4,350–4,369 mm (171.3–172.0 in)
Width1,705 mm (67.1 in)
Height5-door: 1,405 mm (55.3 in)
Estate: 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Chronology
PredecessorCitroën ZX
SuccessorCitroën C4

It came in three and five door hatchback (notchback) and five door estate body styles; the estate was marketed as the Break and the three door as the Coupé. The styling shared cues with the larger Bertone designed Xantia, but was regarded as bland by the motoring press.

The straight four engine range includes 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 litre petrol engines as well as 1.6, 1.9 and 2.0 litre naturally aspirated and turbocharged diesels. In some countries, such as Portugal, the 1.5 litre TUD5 diesel engine was also available.[3] The Xsara was 1998 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

Chassis designEdit

 
Pre facelift rear

The familiar range of PSA powertrains drove the front wheels of a seemingly conventionally designed chassis. At the front was a standard MacPherson strut layout with anti-roll bar, while the rear used the PSA Peugeot-Citroën fully independent trailing arm/torsion bar set up, which was first introduced on the estate of the Peugeot 305.

However, PSA's chassis engineers employed some unusual features, including passive rear wheel steering, though less than on the ZX, (by means of specially designed compliance bushes in the rear suspension), and inhouse developed and constructed shock absorbers.

At high mileages, this is prone to wear of the axle mounting bushes which is easily fixed. It is also prone to wear in the rear axle trailing arm bearings, which then wear the trailing arm axle tubes, requiring an expensive rebuild or a replacement axle assembly.[4][5][6][7][8]

The diesel and larger capacity petrol engines are canted as far back as possible in the engine bay, in an effort to put as much weight as possible behind the front axle line, also reducing the centre of gravity, while improving weight distribution and minimising understeer.

OverviewEdit

Pre-faceliftEdit

 
Citroën Xsara Coupé
 
Citroën Xsara Break
 
Citroën Xsara VTS Sport

The original Xsara was launched in September 1997, and was available with different engine choices:

  • 1.4L (1361 cc 8 valve SOHC) 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) TU3JP 4-cylinder petrol 111 N·m
  • 1.6L (1587 cc) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) TU5JP four cylinder petrol 136 N·m
  • 1.8L (1761 cc) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) XU7JB four cylinder petrol
  • 1.8L (1761 cc) 76 kW (103 PS; 102 hp) XU7JP four cylinder petrol
  • 1.8L (1761 cc 16-valve DOHC) 82 kW (110 hp) XU7JP4 four cylinder petrol 155 N·m
  • 2.0L (1998 cc) 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) XU10J2C four cylinder petrol
  • 2.0L (1998 cc 16 valve DOHC) 99 kW (135 PS; 133 hp) XU10J4R four cylinder petrol
  • 2.0L (1998 cc 16 valve DOHC) 122 kW (166 PS; 164 hp) XU10J4RS four cylinder petrol (used in Xsara VTS)
  • 1.5L (1527 cc) 43 kW (58 PS; 57 hp) TUD5 diesel
  • 1.9L (1905 cc) 50 kW (68 PS; 67 hp) XUD9A diesel
  • 1.9L (1868 cc) 51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp) DW8 diesel
  • 1.9L (1905 cc) 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) XUD9B SD diesel
  • 1.9L (1905 cc) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) XUD9TE turbodiesel
  • 2.0L (1997 cc) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) DW10TD turbodiesel
  • 2.0L (1997 cc) 80 kW (109 PS; 107 hp) DW10ATED turbodiesel

FaceliftEdit

 
Post facelift Citroën Xsara
 
Post facelift rear

In September 2000, the Xsara was facelifted. The car was now stiffer (safety and handling improved), had a new front design and some interior modifications (i.e.: new steering wheel). The facelift also saw the introduction of multiplex wiring.

New 1.6i and 2.0i 16 valve engines were being introduced and 1.8L were removed. Now Xsara is offered with following engine choices:

  • 1.4L (1361 cc 8 valve SOHC) 55 kW (74 hp) TU3JP four cylinder petrol 121 N·m (catalyst and its position were changed).
  • 1.6L (1587 cc 16 valve DOHC) 81 kW (109 hp) TU5JP4 four cylinder petrol (new, replaced 8-valve TU5JP engine)
  • 2.0L (1998 cc 16 valve DOHC) 122 kW (164 hp) XU10J4RS four cylinder petrol (used till 2002)
  • 2.0L (1998 cc 16 valve DOHC) 101 kW (135 hp) EW10J4 four cylinder petrol (new, replaced XU10 engine)
  • 1.4L (1398 cc) HDI 50 KW 68 PS DW4TD 01. 2004–31 December 2004
  • 1.5L (1527 cc) 43 kW (58 PS; 57 hp) TUD5 diesel
  • 1.9L (1868 cc) 51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp) DW8 diesel (used till 2002)
  • 1.9L (1868 cc) 53 kW (72 PS; 71 hp) DW8B diesel (new)
  • 2.0L (1997 cc) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) DW10TD turbodiesel (catalyst was changed, later central silencer was removed)
  • 2.0L (1997 cc) 79 kW (107 PS; 106 hp) DW10ATED turbodiesel (new)

The model of 2002 had slight interior modifications (e.g. a different way of controlling the sound system from the steering wheel). In February 2003, there were also some exterior modifications (e.g. new front bumper).

The Xsara hatchback was discontinued, and replaced by the C4 in November 2004. The Xsara continues to be produced for the Chinese market by Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile, a joint venture with the PSA Group. The Xsara Picasso small MPV was continued, concurrently with its successor that was based on the C4. 'Picasso' becoming the name for MPV derivatives of any Citroën model.

Sales and productionEdit

Year Worldwide production Worldwide sales Notes
2012 1,800[9] TBA Total production reaches 3,364,000 units.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Arab American Vehicles Co". Aav.com.eg. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  2. ^ Olausson, Lena; Sangster, Catherine (2006). Oxford BBC Guide to Pronunciation. Oxford University Press. p. 426. ISBN 0-19-280710-2.
  3. ^ "Lot 143: Xsara Break 1.5 D Phase I", Vente des réserves de l'Aventure Peugeot Citroën DS (Auction Catalogue) (in French), Leclere Maison des Ventes, 10 December 2017, p. 154, archived from the original on 26 November 2017
  4. ^ "Zx Volcane Rear Suspension". Citroen Owners Club. The citroen cars forums.
  5. ^ "ZX rear swing arm bearings - Technical matters - Back Room Forum - Honest John". honestjohn.co.uk.
  6. ^ "Citroen ZX Suspension and steering". Docstoc.com.
  7. ^ "ZX Radius arm bearings - French Car Forum". frenchcarforum.co.uk.
  8. ^ "A B Axles - Reconditioned and Refurbished Peugeot & Citroen Rear Axles". sspengineering.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013: 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit