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Cirrhinus molitorella (mud carp or dace) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Cirrhinus found mainly in southern China and Vietnam.

Mud carp
Cirrhinus molitorella.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Labeoninae
Genus: Cirrhinus
Species:
C. molitorella
Binomial name
Cirrhinus molitorella
(Valenciennes, 1844)
Synonyms
  • Leuciscus molitorella Valenciennes, 1844
  • Labeo molitorella (Valenciennes, 1844)
  • Leuciscus chevanella Valenciennes, 1844
  • Cirrhinus chinensis Günther, 1868
  • Labeo garnieri Sauvage, 1884
  • Cirrhinus melanostigma Fowler & Bean, 1922
  • Labeo melanostigma (Fowler & Bean, 1922)
  • Labeo collaris Nichols & Pope, 1927
  • Labeo pingi Wu, 1931
  • Osteochilus prosemion Fowler, 1934
  • Cirrhinus prosemion (Fowler, 1934)
  • Osteochilus spilopleura Fowler, 1935
  • Cirrhinus spilopleura (Fowler, 1935)
  • Labeo stigmapleura Fowler, 1937

Contents

HistoryEdit

The mud carp is a fish native to China and found in the waterways of the Pearl River, but it also found in the Mekong River. The freshwater fish was introduced as food fish to substitute Common carp for common people as the former fish was reserved for consumption by the Emperor.[2]

HabitatEdit

The mud carp is found in Mekong River and Pearl River delta, as well as bodies of freshwater along these two rivers.

The fish has been introduced to Indonesia, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.[2]

Within China the fish is raised on fish farms.

DispersionEdit

Mekong River, Chao Phraya River, Mae Klong River and Tapee River Basin in the south of Thailand

UtilizationEdit

Fishery: Trade; Aquaculture: Trade

DietEdit

Mud carp is an omnivore and mainly consumes water plants or insects. Farm raised carp are fed pellets.

FoodEdit

Due to low cost of production, the fish is mainly consumed by the poor and locally consumed; it is mostly sold live and eaten fresh, but can be dried and salted.[2] Increase of hunting has threatened the number of mud carp.[1]

The fish is sometimes canned (typically as Fried dace with salted black beans) or processed as fish cakes, fish balls [3] or dumplings. They can be found for retail sale within China.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nguyen, T.H.T.; Van, N.S.; Thinh, D.V. (2011). "Cirrhinus molitorella". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2011: e.T166016A6168828. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T166016A6168828.en.
  2. ^ a b c d "Cultured Aquatic Species – Mud Carp". TheFishSite.com. December 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-10-21. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Carp Family". Clovegarden.

External linksEdit