Cipriano de Palafox, 8th Count of Montijo

Cipriano de Palafox y Portocarrero, 8th Count of Montijo, GE, LH (15 September 1784 – 15 March 1839), was a Spanish nobleman, politician and army officer. He was the father-in-law of Napoleon III.

The Count of Montijo
Cipriano de Palafox, c. 1820
Personal details
Born(1784-09-15)15 September 1784
Died15 March 1839(1839-03-15) (aged 54)
Madrid, Spain
(m. 1817)

Life and careerEdit

Pro-French in his outlook, he fought for Joseph Bonaparte while the latter was king of Spain, losing an eye in battle and being honoured in Paris by Joseph's brother Napoleon I.

After the death of his elder brother, Eugenio, he inherited the countship of Montijo and the lordship (señorío) of Moguer. He befriended the famous French writer Prosper Mérimée during the latter's time in Spain.

From 1837 to 1838, he served as senator for the province of Badajoz and was also a Freemason.

Marriage and issueEdit

On 15 December 1817, he married María Manuela Kirkpatrick y de Grevignée.

They had two daughters:

  1. María Francisca de Sales "Paca" de Palafox Portocarrero y Kirkpatrick, who became Duchess of Alba by marriage to Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Alba
  2. María Eugenia Ignacia Agustina de Palafox Portocarrero y Kirkpatrick, who married Napoleon III in 1853 and became Empress consort of the French


  • Grandee of Spain (1834)
  • 15th Duke of Peñaranda de Duero
  • 14th Marquess of la Bañeza
  • 14th Marquess of Mirallo
  • 13th Marquess of Valdunquillo
  • 9th Marquess of Valderrábano
  • 8th Marquess of Osera
  • 16th Marquess of Villanueva del Fresno
  • 16th Marquess of Barcarotta
  • 8th Count of Montijo
  • 8th Count of Ablitas
  • 18th Count of Teba
  • 10th Count of Baños
  • 19th Count of Santa Cruz de la Sierra
  • 18th Count of Miranda del Castañar
  • 7th Count of Fuentidueña
  • 19th Count of San Esteban de Gormaz
  • 25th Lord of Moguer
  • Prócer del Reino (1834–1835)


  • Profile,; accessed 5 March 2015. (in Spanish)