Church of the Life-Giving Trinity (Pyongyang)
The Church of the Life-Giving Trinity (Korean: 평양정백사원; Hanja: 平壤貞栢寺院) is an Eastern Orthodox church in Jongbaek-dong, Rangrang District in Pyongyang, North Korea. It is the first and only Orthodox church in the country, and one of only a handful of Christian churches there overall.
|Church of the Life-Giving Trinity|
Exterior of the church
|Location||Jongbaek-dong, Rangrang District, Pyongyang|
|Dedicated||13 August 2006|
|Relics held||Sergius of Rakvere|
|Groundbreaking||24 June 2003|
|Division||Patriarchate of Moscow and All Russia|
|Rector||Feodor Kim (Kim Hoe-il)|
|Deacon(s)||John Ra (Ra Gwan-chol)|
Kim Jong-il reportedly wanted to construct an Eastern Orthodox church in North Korea after a trip to the Russian Far East in 2002. Kim had visited the St. Innocent of Irkutsk Church in Khabarovsk on 22 August and admired its architecture and Russian Orthodox rites. A Russian diplomat asked Kim Jong-il whether there were any Orthodox believers in Pyongyang, and Kim replied that believers would be found.
There were no Eastern Orthodox priests in the country, so the Korean Orthodox Committee established in 2002 contacted the Russian Orthodox Church. The committee sent four students to the Moscow Ecclesiastical Seminary in April 2003. All four were freshly baptized Christians who had formerly worked for the North Korean intelligence service. One of them, Feodor Kim (Kim Hoe-il), said it was difficult for them to adopt the Orthodox faith. After the seminary, they were dispatched to Vladivostok to gain practical experience.
The church has a parish of its own and is under the Patriarchate of Moscow and All Russia. However, Korean Orthodox Church claims Eastern Orthodox Church in North Korea are part of Korean Orthodox Church.
Very few locals attend.
- Do Kyung-ok; Kim Soo-Am; Han Dong-ho; Lee Keum-Soon; Hong Min (24 September 2015). White Paper on Human Rights in North Korea 2015. Korea Institute for National Unification(South Korea). p. 221. ISBN 978-89-8479-802-1.
- Institute for Unification Education, Ministry of Unification (South Korea) (30 January 2015). Understanding North Korea: Totalitarian dictatorship, Highly centralized economies, Grand Socialist Family. 길잡이미디어. pp. 389–. GGKEY:Q35FXTAE44S.
- "Orthodox Church of the Live-Giving Trinity in Pyongyang". Embassy of Russia to the DPRK. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- Lankov, Andrei (9 September 2013). "North Korea's irreconcilable relationship with Christianity". NK News.
- AsiaNews.it. "Pyongyang: Orthodox community subject to authority of Alexei II". asianews.it. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Burdick, Eddie (26 May 2010). Three Days in the Hermit Kingdom: An American Visits North Korea. Jefferson: McFarland. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-7864-5653-6.
- "Kim Jong-Il and Religion: North Korea Builds an Orthodox Church". Spiegel Online. 11 August 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- Hoare 2012, p. xlix.
- "The church of the Life-Giving Trinity consecrated in Pyongyang. The Russian Orthodox Church delegation on a visit to the KPDR". orthodox.cn. 14 August 2006. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- Hoare 2012, p. 323.
- Hoare, James E. (13 July 2012). Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6151-0.
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