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Christian Gottlob Barth (31 July 1799 – 12 November 1862) was a German Protestant minister, writer and publisher. He founded the publishing house Calwer Verlag in 1833. A representative of pietism in Württemberg, he is regarded as one of the fathers of the Christian revival (Erweckungsbewegung) there in the 19th century. He is also remembered for his children's Bible, translated as "Bible Stories", and then into many languages.

Christian Gottlob Barth
Christian Gottlob Barth, Porträt.jpg
Born(1799-07-31)31 July 1799
Died12 November 1862(1862-11-12) (aged 63)
EducationStift Tübingen
  • Calwer Verlag



Born in Stuttgart, Barth studied theology at Stift Tübingen.[1] He was from 1824 to 1838 minister in Möttlingen. He then worked for the Calwer Verlagsverein [de] (Calw publishing association), which he had founded in 1833.[2] He focused on the publication of Christian education, including folk literature.[2][3] He traveled to England and Scotland, and was a founding member of the World Evangelical Alliance (Weltweite Evangelische Allianz.[4]

Barth wrote the lyrics for several songs and hymns.[5] Some of them appear in the current Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch. Three of his hymn stanzas were included in 1932 in the hymn "Sonne der Gerechtigkeit", compiled by Otto Riethmüller.[6][7] He wrote in 1832 Zweymal zwey und fünfzig biblische Geschichten für Schulen und Familien (Twice fifty-two Biblical Stories for Schools and Families), a children's Bible, translated into English as Bible Stories, and then into various languages.[1][8] The title relates to a well-known earlier work that Johann Hübner wrote in 1714. Barth published in 1843 Geschichte von Württemberg (History of Württemberg), which appeared in several editions.[2]

Barth was known for his collection of ethnology, which was expanded by missionaries who worked for him. He donated pieces to the Naturaliencabinett in Stuttgart and to the Tübingen University. He died in Calw.[2]


He was elected to the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities in 1845.[2] In 1848, he became honorary member of the Gesellschaft für Naturkunde in Württemberg [de] (Association of Natural Science in Württemberg).[9]

12 November is his memorial day in the calendar of saints.[1]


  • Karl Friedrich Werner [de]: Christian Gottlob Barth, Doktor der Theologie, nach seinem Leben und Wirken, 3 vol. Calw/Stuttgart 1865–1869.
  • Wilhelm Kopp [de]: Christian Gottlob Barth. Leben und Wirken. 1886 (Calwer Familienbibliothek [de] vol. 1).
  • Karl Müller: Die religiöse Erweckung im Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts. 1925.
  • Julius Roessle: Von Bengel bis Blumhardt. 4. Aufl. 1966.
  • Werner Raupp: Christian Gottlob Barth. Studien zu Leben und Werk. 1998 (Dissertation Tübingen 1996).
  • Werner Raupp: BARTH, Christian Gottlob. - In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Vol. 18, Herzberg: Bautz 2001 (ISBN 3-88309-086-7), Sp. 125–152 (with detailed bibliography).


  1. ^ a b c Christian Gottlob Barth Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon
  2. ^ a b c d e Karl Frohnmeyer 1953.
  3. ^ Palmer 1875.
  4. ^ Zimmerling 2017.
  5. ^ Werner Raupp 2001.
  6. ^ Ackermann 2015.
  7. ^ Nüssel 2008.
  8. ^ An Indian to the Indians?: on the initial failure and the ... Kittel - Page 235 Reinhard Wendt – 2006 "Barth's little Bible Stories were widely used in the mission's schools, as can be read, for example, .."
  9. ^ Ehrenmitglieder des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg

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