Choco brushfinch

The Choco brushfinch or Choco brush finch (Atlapetes crassus) is a species of bird in the family Passerellidae, the New World sparrows. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador.[2]

Choco brushfinch
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Passerellidae
Genus: Atlapetes
A. crassus
Binomial name
Atlapetes crassus
(Bangs, 1908)

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

The Handbook of the Birds of the World (HBW) and the Clements taxonomy consider the choco brushfinch a subspecies of tricolored brushfinch (Atlapetes tricolor) but note that other authors have proposed it as a full species.[3] The International Ornithological Congress (IOC) has accepted it as a full species.[2]


Adults weigh from 29.5 to 40 g (1.04 to 1.41 oz) and are 16 to 18 cm (6.3 to 7.1 in) in length. The adult's upper parts are olive to black and the underparts yellow with an olive wash on the flanks. The sides of the head are black with a yellow crown stripe and throat. Juveniles are dark brown above and lighter brown below with a rufous crown.[3]

Distribution and habitatEdit

The choco brushfinch is a year-round resident of Colombia's western Andes and western Ecuador. It inhabits open cloud forest and the undergrowth of openings in and edges of humid forest and secondary woodland. It is found primarily from 600 to 2,300 m (2,000 to 7,500 ft) though there are scattered records from lower and higher elevations.[3]

Behavior and ecologyEdit

Little is known about the choco brushfinch's diet. It is known to forage up to 10 m (33 ft) above ground, in contrast to many other brushfinches which forage mainly near the ground. It forages alone, in pairs, or as a member of a mixed-species flock.[3]

Little is known about the species' nesting phenology as well. Observers have reported nest-building in Colombia in November, February, and May; eggs in April; and fledglings in June and July. A reported nest was a thick cup placed near the ground; it contained one white egg with dusky spots.[3]


Though the species has a rather restricted range, the IUCN considers it a species of least concern.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Atlapetes crassus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2020.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ a b Gill, F.; Donsker, D.; Rasmussen, P. (January 2020). "IOC World Bird List (v 10.1)". Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e {{Jaramillo, A., J. del Hoyo, N. Collar, and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Tricolored Brushfinch (Atlapetes tricolor), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.}}