Chinnamul (alternate spelling Chhinnamul, lit. The Uprooted) was a 1950 Bengali film directed by Nemai Ghosh.[1][2] This was the first Indian film that dealt with the partition of India. The story revolved around a group of farmers from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) who were forced to migrate to Calcutta because of the partition of Bengal in 1947.[3] Russian film director Vsevolod Pudovkin came to Calcutta at that time, watched this film, and being inspired, he bought the print of this film to release in Russia. The film was shown in 188 theaters in Russia.[4]

Chinnamul 1950 Scene.jpg
A scene from the film Chinnamul
Directed byNemai Ghosh
Story bySwarnakamal Bhattacharya
Produced byBimal Dey
StarringGangapada Basu
Bijon Bhattacharya
Ritwik Ghatak
Shobha Sen
CinematographyNemai Ghosh
Edited byGobardhan Adhikari
Music byKalabran Das
Desa Pictures
Distributed byUnion Distributors
Release date
Running time
117 minutes


The film is based on a story of Swarnakamal Bhattacharya. Depicting the physical pain and crisis, the film is about the partition of Bengal and the flow of refugees from East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) into India's West Bengal. The story of the film begins in a village of East Bengal where people (Hindus and Muslims) live peacefully. Govinda and Sumati are husband wife and they are about to have a child. But, the partition forces Hindu people to leave their ancestral village. So, they become refugee. They don't find any location or shelter in Calcutta and eke out their daily lives in temporary shelters in and around Sealdah railway station. Along with millions of refugees the family has to face untold misery in big city.[5]

Cast and crewEdit



  • Direction and cinematography: Nemai Ghosh.
  • Writer: Swarnakamal Bhattacharya.
  • Music: Kalabran Das

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Indu Ramchandani (2000). Students' Britannica India: Select essays. Popular Prakashan. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-85229-762-9. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  2. ^ Laura E. Ruberto; Kristi M. Wilson (2007). Italian Neorealism and Global Cinema. Wayne State University Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-8143-3324-2.
  3. ^ Jonathan Crow (2013). "The Uprooted (1950)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Chinnamul" (in Bengali). Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  5. ^ Anjali Gera Roy (2008). Partitioned lives : narratives of home, displacement, and resettlement. New Delhi : Dorling Kindersley (India). p. 67. ISBN 9788131714164.
  6. ^ Very few people know that Ritwik Ghatak for the first time associated with this film through his acting. Ghatak was praised for acting in three of his own films later – ‘Subarnarekha’ (1962), ‘Titash Ekti Nadir Naam’ (1973) and ‘Jukti Takko aar Gappo’ (1974). Ghatak himself was a victim of partition and along with his family, moved to Berhampore (Murshidabad) and later to Kolkata just before millions of refugees from East Pakistan began to flood into the city. He also was a victim of catastrophic Bengal famine of 1943 before the partition of 1947.

External linksEdit