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Bijon Bhattacharya (Bengali: বিজন ভট্টাচার্য) (17 July 1915 – 19 January 1978) was a prominent Indian theatre and film personality from Bengal.[1]

Bijon Bhattacharya
Bijon Bhattacharya
Bijon Bhattacharya in Nabanna
Born(1915-07-17)17 July 1915
Died19 January 1978(1978-01-19) (aged 62)
Spouse(s)Mahasweta Devi (1947–1962)
ChildrenNabarun Bhattacharya

Bhattacharya was born in 1915 at Faridpur (now in Bangladesh) to a Hindu, Bengali Brahmin family, and was an early witness to the destitution and penury of the peasantry of that land. He became a member of the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a left-leaning group of artists who aimed at reflecting the suffering of the poor in their work to effect an improvement for them.

One of Bijon's most celebrated plays, Nabanna (Harvest), based on the Bengal famine of 1943, was an IPTA production, and an inspiration of the film Dharti Ke Lal, which he co-wrote with film's director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, another IPTA member. He died on 19 January 1978.

Personal lifeEdit

Bijon Bhattacharya married the Jnanpith Award-winning Bengali writer, Mahasweta Devi. Their only son Nabarun Bhattacharya, a Bengali writer, was born in 1948.



  • Agun
  • Nabanna (Fresh Harvest) (1944)
  • Jabanbandi (Confession)[2]
  • Kalanka
  • Mara Chand (Dead Moon) (1951)
  • Gotrantar (Change of Lineage) (1959)
  • Debi Garjan (Shouting of the Goddess) (1966)
  • Garbhabati Janani (Pregnant Mother) (1969)
  • Krishnapaksha
  • Aj Basanta
  • Chalo Sagare
  • Lash Ghuirya Jauk
  • Aborodh
  • Krishnapaksha
  • Jionkanya
  • Hanskhalir Hans



  1. ^ Arnold P. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long Ph.D. (30 September 2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. pp. 431–. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  2. ^ Aparna Bhargava Dharwadker (1 November 2005). Theatres of Independence: Drama, Theory, and Urban Performance in India Since 1947. University of Iowa Press. pp. 407–. ISBN 978-0-87745-961-3. Retrieved 6 October 2012.

External linksEdit