Chinese rufous horseshoe bat

The Chinese rufous horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus sinicus) is a species of bat in the family Rhinolophidae. It is found in China, India, Nepal, and Vietnam.[2]

Chinese rufous horseshoe bat
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.MAM.33160.b ven - Rhinolophus sinicus - skin.jpeg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Rhinolophidae
Genus: Rhinolophus
R. sinicus
Binomial name
Rhinolophus sinicus

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Chinese Rufous Horseshoe Bat area.png
Chinese rufous horseshoe bat range

The species is most easily confused with R. affinis, from which it is best distinguished by its straight-sided lancet and the relatively short second phalanx of the third digit (< 66% of the length of the metacarpal; Csorba et al. 2003).


Rhinolophus sinicus is divided into the following two subspecies:

  • R. s. septentrionalis
  • R. s. sinicus

Conservation statusEdit

Chinese rufous horseshoe bats are a least-concern species, assessed by the Red List of Threatened Species on the basis that it has fairly wide distribution and is locally common in southeast Asia. The species is not listed in the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife in 1989.[1]


Bats of this species form the natural reservoir of Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus. An example of one particular strain present is Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Sun, K. (2019). "Rhinolophus sinicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2019: e.T41529A22005184.
  2. ^ Filatov, Dmitry A.; Mao, Xiuguang; He, Guimei; Zhang, Junpeng; Rossiter, Stephen J.; Zhang, Shuyi (2013). "Lineage Divergence and Historical Gene Flow in the Chinese Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus sinicus)". PLOS ONE. 8 (2): e56786. Bibcode:2013PLoSO...856786M. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056786. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3581519. PMID 23451086. 
  3. ^ Xing-Yi Ge; Jia-Lu Li; Xing-Lou Yang; et al. (2013). "Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor". Nature. 503 (7477): 535–8. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..535G. doi:10.1038/nature12711. PMC 5389864. PMID 24172901.

External linksEdit