Chinese Tatars

Chinese Tatars (simplified Chinese: 塔塔尔族; traditional Chinese: 塔塔爾族; pinyin: Tǎtǎ'ěrzú; Tatar: Cyrillic Кытай татарлары, Latin Qıtay tatarları) form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.

Chinese Tatars
Total population
3,556 (2010)
Regions with significant populations
China (Xinjiang)
Languages
Tatar, Russian, Mandarin
Religion
Islam

Their ancestors are Volga Tatar traders who settled mostly in Xinjiang.

The number of Chinese Tatars stood at 3,556 as of the year 2010 and they live mainly in the cities of Yining, Tacheng and Ürümqi in Xinjiang. Their titular homeland is Daquan Tatar Village in Qitai County of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang.[citation needed]

CultureEdit

Chinese Tatars speak an archaic variant of the Tatar language, free from 20th-century loanwords and use the Arabic variant of the Tatar alphabet, which declined in the USSR in the 1930s. Being surrounded by speakers of other Turkic languages, Chinese Tatar partially reverses the Tatar high vowel inversion.[1]

Chinese Tatars are Sunni Muslims.[2]

Jadid schools were founded in Xinjiang for Chinese Tatars in the early 20th century.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Minglang Zhou (2003). Multilingualism in China: the politics of writing reforms for minority languages, 1949-2002. Vol. 89 of Contributions to the sociology of language (illustrated ed.). Published Walter de Gruyter. p. 183. ISBN 3-11-017896-6. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Joshua Project - Tatar of China Ethnic People Profile".
  3. ^ Ondřej Klimeš (8 January 2015). Struggle by the Pen: The Uyghur Discourse of Nation and National Interest, c.1900-1949. BRILL. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-90-04-28809-6.

SourcesEdit