List of chief ministers of Assam

  (Redirected from Chief Minister of Assam)

The Chief Minister of Assam, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Assam. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Assam Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chief Minister of Assam
Seal of Assam.png
Himanta Biswa Sarma,.jpg
Incumbent
Himanta Biswa Sarma

since 10 May 2021
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofAssam Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Assam
AppointerGovernor of Assam
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorPremier of Assam
Inaugural holderGopinath Bordoloi
Formation26 January 1950
(71 years ago)
 (1950-01-26)

Since 1946, Assam has had 14 chief ministers. Ten of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including Gopinath Bordoloi, the first Chief Minister of Assam, and Anwara Taimur, India's first female Muslim chief minister. Congress monopoly in the state was brought to an end when Golap Borbora led the Janata party to victory in the 1978 assembly elections. Borbora consequently became the first non congress Chief Minister of Assam. Prior to that, Borbora was the first member of the non congress opposition to be elected as a Rajya Sabha member from Assam. Congressman Tarun Gogoi is the longest-serving officeholder, having served for 15 years from 2001 to 2016. Sarbananda Sonowal became the Assam's first chief minister from the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP when he was sworn-in on 24 May 2016. On 9th May 2021, Himanta Biswa Sarma is announced as the 15th Chief Minister of Assam.[2]

Premier of Assam (1937-50)Edit

Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council. The Premier of Assam was the head of the government and leader of the legislative assembly of Assam province.

No.[a] Name Portrait Constituency Term of office[3] Assembly Party[b]

(coaliton)

Appointed

by

(Governor)

From To Days in office
1 Sir Syed Muhammad Saadullah   Kamrup (South) 1 April 1937 19 September

1938

1 year, 171 days 1st

Provincial

Assembly

(1937 election)

Assam United Muslim Party

(INC)

Robert Neil Reid
2 Gopinath Bordoloi   Kamrup Sadar (South) 19 September

1938

17 November

1939

1 year, 59 days Indian National Congress
(1) Sir Syed Muhammad Saadullah   Kamrup (South) 17 November

1939

24 December 1941 2 years, 37 days Assam United Muslim Party

(AIML)

- Vacant

(Governor's Rule)

- - 25 December 1941 24 August 1942 242 days Dissolved N/A -
(1) Sir Syed Muhammad Saadullah   Kamrup (South) 25 August 1942 11 February 1946 3 years, 170 days 1st

Provincial

Assembly

(1937 election)

Assam United Muslim Party

(AIML)

Sir Andrew Gourlay Clow
(2) Gopinath Bordoloi   Kamrup Sadar (South) 11 February 1946 25 January 1950 3 years, 349 days 2nd Provincial

Assembly

(1946 election)

Indian National Congress

Chief Ministers of AssamEdit

No.[c] Name Portrait Constituency Term of office[3] Assembly Party[d] Appointed

by

(Governor)

From To Days in office
1 Gopinath Bordoloi   Kamrup Sadar (South) 26 January 1950 6 August 1950 192 days 2nd Provincial

(1946 election)

Indian National

Congress

Sir Saleh Akbar Hydari
2 Bishnuram Medhi   Hajo 9 August 1950 27 December 1957 7 years, 140 days
1st

(1952 election)

Jairamdas Daulatram
2nd

(1957 election)

Fazl Ali
3 Bimala Prasad Chaliha Badarpur 28 December 1957 6 November 1970 12 years, 313 days
Sonari 3rd

(1962 election)

Gen. S. M. Shrinagesh
4 Mahendra Mohan Choudhry   Guwahati East 11 November 1970 30 January 1972 1 year, 80 days 4th

(1967 election)

Vishnu Sahay
5 Sarat Chandra Singha   Bilasipara East 31 January 1972 12 March 1978 6 years, 40 days 5th

(1972 election)

Braj Kumar Nehru
6 Golap Borbora   Tinsukia 12 March 1978 4 September 1979 1 year, 176 days 6th

(1978 election)

Janata Party Lallan Prasad Singh
7 Jogendra Nath Hazarika Duliajan 9 September 1979 11 December 1979 93 days
Vacant[e]
(President's rule)
  N/A 12 December 1979 5 December 1980 359 days N/A -
8 Syeda Anwara Taimur Dalgaon 6 December 1980 30 June 1981 206 days Indian National

Congress

Lallan Prasad Singh
Vacant[e]
(President's rule)
  N/A 30 June 1981 13 January 1982 197 days N/A -
9 Kesab Chandra Gogoi Dibrugarh 13 January 1982 19 March 1982 65 days Indian National

Congress

Prakash Mehrotra
Vacant[e]
(President's rule)
  N/A 19 March 1982 27 February 1983 345 days Dissolved N/A -
10 Hiteswar Saikia Nazira 27 February 1983 23 December 1985 2 years, 299 days 7th

(1983 election)

Indian National

Congress

Prakash Mehrotra
11 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta   Nowgong 24 December 1985 28 November 1990 4 years, 339 days 8th

(1985 election)

Asom Gana

Parishad

Bhishma Narain Singh
Vacant[e]
(President's rule)
  N/A 28 November 1990 30 June 1991 214 days Dissolved N/A -
(10) Hiteswar Saikia

[2]

Nazira 30 June 1991 22 April 1996 4 years, 297 days 9th

(1991 election)

Indian National

Congress

Loknath Mishra
12 Bhumidhar Barman   Barkhetry 22 April 1996 14 May 1996 22 days
(11) Prafulla Kumar Mahanta

[2]

  Barhampur 15 May 1996 17 May 2001 5 years, 2 days 10th

(1996 election)

Asom Gana

Parishad

13 Tarun Gogoi   Titabar 18 May 2001 24 May 2016 15 years, 6 days 11th

(2001 election)

Indian National

Congress

Lt. Gen. S. K. Sinha
12th

(2006 election)

Lt. Gen. Ajai Singh
13th

(2011 election)

Janaki Ballabh Patnaik
14 Sarbananda Sonowal   Majuli 24 May 2016 10 May 2021 4 years, 351 days 14th

(2016 election)

Bharatiya Janata Party Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya
15 Himanta Biswa Sarma   Jalukbari 10 May 2021 Incumbent 82 days 15th

(2021 election)

Jagdish Mukhi
Notes
  1. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  4. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  5. ^ a b c d When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[4]

TimelineEdit

Himanta Biswa SarmaSarbananda SonowalTarun GogoiBhumidhar BarmanPrafulla Kumar MahantaHiteswar SaikiaKesab Chandra GogoiSyeda Anwara TaimurJogendra Nath HazarikaGolap BorboraSarat Chandra SinghaMahendra Mohan ChoudhryBimala Prasad ChalihaBishnuram MedhiGopinath BordoloiSyed Muhammad Saadullah

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Assam as well.
  2. ^ "Himanta Biswa Sarma Crowned 15th Chief Minister Of Assam". Pratidin Time. 9 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  3. ^ a b Chief Ministers Archived 16 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine from the Assam Assembly website
  4. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.