Chiaramonte Gulfi

Chiaramonte Gulfi (Sicilian: Ciaramunti) is a town and comune in the province of Ragusa, Sicily, southern Italy.

Chiaramonte Gulfi

Ciaramunti
Comune di Chiaramonte Gulfi
View of Chiaramonte Gulfi from Mount Arcibessi.
View of Chiaramonte Gulfi from Mount Arcibessi.
Coat of arms of Chiaramonte Gulfi
Coat of arms
Location of Chiaramonte Gulfi
Chiaramonte Gulfi is located in Italy
Chiaramonte Gulfi
Chiaramonte Gulfi
Location of Chiaramonte Gulfi in Italy
Chiaramonte Gulfi is located in Sicily
Chiaramonte Gulfi
Chiaramonte Gulfi
Chiaramonte Gulfi (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°01′52″N 14°42′10″E / 37.03111°N 14.70278°E / 37.03111; 14.70278Coordinates: 37°01′52″N 14°42′10″E / 37.03111°N 14.70278°E / 37.03111; 14.70278
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceRagusa (RG)
FrazioniPiano dell'Acqua, Roccazzo, Sperlinga
Government
 • MayorSebastiano Gurrieri
Area
 • Total126 km2 (49 sq mi)
Elevation
668 m (2,192 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2017)[3]
 • Total8,137
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chiaramontani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
97012
Dialing code0932
Patron saintSan Vito and La Madonna di Gulfi
Saint day15 June
WebsiteOfficial website
Sanctuary of Gulfi.
The Northern Gate called Arco dell'Annunziata.

GeographyEdit

Chiaramonte Gulfi is located on a hill-top 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Ragusa at an altitude of 668 metres (2,192 ft) above sea level. The highest point is on Monte Arcibessi at 907 metres (2,976 ft). Its hamlets (frazioni) are the villages of Piano dell'Acqua, Roccazzo and Sperlinga.

 
The church of San Vito.

The town is also called Balcony of Sicily for its panoramic position, with views over the Valley of the Ippari and its towns (Comiso, Vittoria, Acate) and all the way to the Mediterranean Sea if looking south, as far as Mount Etna in direction north and to the Erean Mountains with Caltagirone if looking west.

HistoryEdit

In the area numerous archeological sites from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found, as well as ruins dating to the Greek Archaic era and Hellenistic era. Also Roman, Byzantine and medieval testimonies can be found.

The city was founded by the Greek colonists from Syracuse in the 7th century BC with the name of Akrillai. Destroyed a first time by the Carthaginians in 406 BC, it was rebuilt during the Timoleonic era. In 213 BC Akrillai was the location of battle in which the Syracusan army, led by Hippokrates, was defeated by the Roman army led by the Consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus. Thenceforth the city of Akrillai was part of the Roman province of Sicily, its name being changed to Acrillae.[4]

The ancient town was destroyed a second time by the Arabs under Asad ibn al-Furat in 827 AD, and the name Acrillae disappeared. The rebuilt centre was known by the Arabic name of Gulfi,[5] which means "pleasurable place".

In 1299 Gulfi was besieged and captured by Roger de Lauria for the Angevines during the War of the Vesper; Manfredi Chiaramonte, who had been named Count of Modica by the Aragonese King Frederick III, moved the survivors to an upper location, called Baglio, which he fortified and protected with a castle.

In 1593 the town had grown outside the walls and had 5,711 inhabitants. It was nearly entirely destroyed by an earthquake in 1693, and was subsequently rebuilt.

Main sightsEdit

  • Northern Gate or Arco dell'Annunziata, dating to the 14th century.
  • Basilica of Santa Maria la Nova, in the main square of the town.
  • Sanctuary of the Virgin Mary of Gulfi, located just south of Chiaramonte.
  • Church of Santo Vito, on the southern part.
  • Church of San John the Baptist, on the highest point of the town.
  • Villa comunale, the public gardens of Chiaramonte with a balcony with a panoramic view.

EconomyEdit

The local economy is based on agriculture, mainly olives, vineyards, vegetables, almonds and the raising of pigs and cattle. The area of Chiaramonte is also known for its olive oil that gained the Protected Geographical Status.

See alsoEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Population data Istat, 31 December 2006
  4. ^ William Smith, ed. (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.
  5. ^ Sicily. Michelin Tyre. 2009. p. 144.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Chiaramonte Gulfi at Wikimedia Commons