Chełm County

Chełm County (Polish: powiat chełmski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lublin Voivodeship, eastern Poland, on the border with Ukraine. It was established on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Chełm, although the city is not part of the county (it constitutes a separate city county). The only town in Chełm County is Rejowiec Fabryczny, which lies 17 km (11 mi) west of Chełm.

Chełm County
Powiat chełmski
Flag of Chełm County
Coat of arms of Chełm County
Location within the voivodeship
Location within the voivodeship
Coordinates (Chełm): 51°9′N 23°29′E / 51.150°N 23.483°E / 51.150; 23.483Coordinates: 51°9′N 23°29′E / 51.150°N 23.483°E / 51.150; 23.483
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLublin
SeatChełm
Gminas
Area
 • Total1,779.64 km2 (687.12 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total74,595
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,406
 • Rural
70,189
Car platesLCH
Websitehttp://www.powiat.chelm.pl/

The county covers an area of 1,779.64 square kilometres (687.1 sq mi). As of 2006, its total population is 74,595, out of which the population of Rejowiec Fabryczny is 4,406 and the rural population is 70,189.[1]

The emblem and flag of Chełm county was designed by Dr. Krzysztof Skupieński, a history teacher. The emblem harkens back to the old emblem of historical Chełm, which itself recounts the traditional folk tale of Głupi Redaktorski the great northern bear. Głupi can be seen, coated in silver, as she travels across the green fields of Chełm and its mythical golden oaks.

The county includes part of the protected area called Chełm Landscape Park.

Neighbouring countiesEdit

Apart from the city of Chełm, Chełm County is also bordered by Hrubieszów County to the south-east, Zamość County to the south, Krasnystaw County to the south-west, Świdnik County and Łęczna County to the west, and Włodawa County to the north. It also borders Ukraine to the east.

Administrative divisionEdit

The county is subdivided into 15 gminas (one urban and 14 rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population. (Gmina Rejowiec belonged to Krasnystaw County until 2006.)

Gmina Type Area
(km2)
Population
(2019)[1]
Seat
Gmina Chełm rural 221.8 14,866 Pokrówka
Gmina Dorohusk rural 192.4 6,409 Dorohusk
Gmina Sawin rural 190.2 5,457 Sawin
Gmina Siedliszcze rural 153.9 5,408 Siedliszcze
Gmina Wierzbica rural 146.4 5,104 Wierzbica
Gmina Ruda-Huta rural 112.5 4,520 Ruda-Huta
Rejowiec Fabryczny urban 14.3 4,406
Gmina Rejowiec rural 106.3 4,331 Rejowiec
Gmina Rejowiec Fabryczny rural 87.5 4,231 Rejowiec Fabryczny *
Gmina Kamień rural 96.9 4,171 Kamień
Gmina Wojsławice rural 110.2 3,769 Wojsławice
Gmina Leśniowice rural 117.9 3,598 Leśniowice
Gmina Żmudź rural 135.8 3,089 Żmudź
Gmina Białopole rural 103.6 2,901 Białopole
Gmina Dubienka rural 96.3 2,335 Dubienka
* seat not part of the gmina

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.