Charles Marshall (colonel)
Charles Marshall (October 3, 1830 – April 19, 1902) was a Maryland lawyer and Confederate Army officer during the American Civil War. Marshall served as an aide de camp, assistant adjutant general and military secretary to Gen. Robert E. Lee, and later worked to establish the Lost Cause and monuments to his former comrades.
|Born||October 3, 1830|
|Died||April 19, 1902 (aged 71)|
|Place of burial|
Green Mount Cemetery
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Service/||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861–1865|
|Commands held||Military Secretary, Assistant Adjutant General Army of Northern Virginia|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Children||Hudson Snowden Marshall|
|Relations||Col. Timothy Andrews (father-in-law)|
Col. Richard Snowden Andrews (brother-in-law)
|Other work||Lawyer |
Early and family lifeEdit
Marshall was born on October 3, 1830 in Warrenton, Virginia to Alexander John Marshall (1803-1882) and his first wife, the former Maria Rose Taylor (1808-1844). A distant relative of Chief Justice John Marshall, Charles Marshall was also a cousin of World War II General George Marshall. His sister Catherine Taylor Marshall (1832-1866) would marry Fendall Dade Marbury of Prince George's County, Maryland. He received a private education at the Richard M. Smith School and the Warren Green Academy (both in Warrenton) before entering the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. He graduated with a Master's Degree with high honors in 1848.
In December 1856, Charles Marshall married Emily Andrews, daughter of Mexican War hero Colonel Timothy Patrick Andrews and sister of Richard Snowden Andrews. Marshall and his wife had one daughter. Emily Andrews Marshall, who died in 1858. Marshall remarried in December 1866, to Sara Rebecca Nicholls Snowden, daughter of Col. Thomas Snowden. They had five sons, including Attorney Hudson Snowden Marshall, and daughter Emily Rosalie Snowden Tuck.
He taught mathematics as a professor at Indiana University from 1850 to 1852. Returning to Virginia, Marshall read law. In 1853, he moved to Baltimore, Maryland where he was admitted to the bar and began practice at the law firm of William Schley. In 1860, he and his wife were living with his Irish born father-in-law and architect brother-in-law and his family in a large household which employed six white domestic servants but no slaves.
Lee, a long-time family friend, appointed Marshall to his personal staff on March 21, 1862 with the rank of captain. Marshall served as Lee's aide-de-camp and was present with Lee during all the major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia. He was subsequently promoted to major, lieutenant colonel and colonel. He was responsible for the writing of Lee's after-action reports during the War. Marshall accompanied Lee at the surrender at the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse and drafted Lee's acceptance of the terms of surrender. He also located the Wilmer McLean house where the surrender meeting took place and drafted Lee's "Farewell Order" to the Army of Northern Virginia.
Following the War, Marshall returned to Baltimore and continued his legal practice, becoming one of Baltimore's leading attorneys. Marshall delivered the dedication addresses for the monuments to Lee in Richmond, Virginia and Ulysses S. Grant in New York City.
Death and legacyEdit
Marshall died in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1902 from a stroke, and was buried in the city's Green Mount cemetery. His papers were later published in a book called Lee's Aide-de-Camp, edited by Sir Frederick Maurice and in a later edition by Gary W. Gallagher.
Henry B. Walthall played Marshall in the 1930 film, Abraham Lincoln, directed by D.W. Griffith. Tim Ruddy portrayed Marshall in the film Gettysburg and John D. Bert held the role in the related film Gods and Generals. Marshall is a supporting character in the 1992 science fiction-alternate history novel The Guns of the South by Harry Turtledove.
- Hall, p. 673.
- Hall, pp. 674.
- 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Baltimore (independent City), Maryland ward 11, family 1480
- Hall, pp.673–74.
- Hall, pp.673–74
- Hall, Clayton Colman. Baltimore: Its History and Its People, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1912.
- Marshall, Charles. Lee's Aide-de-Camp, edited by Sir Frederick Maurice and Gary W. Gallagher, Bison Books, 2000. ISBN 978-0-8032-8262-9
Bowden, Scott, and Ward, Bill. "Last Chance for Victory: Robert E. Lee and the Gettysburg Campaign," Da Capo Books, 2001.