Charles I d'Albret

Charles I d'Albret (December 1368 – 25 October 1415) was Constable of France from 1402 until 1411, and again from 1413 until 1415. He was also the co-commander of the French army at the Battle of Agincourt where he was killed by the English forces led by King Henry V.

Charles I d'Albret
Armorial de Gilles Le Bouvier - BNF Fr. 4985 f111v - Charles d'Albret.jpg
Coat of arms of Charles I

BiographyEdit

Charles was born into an old Gascon family, the son of Arnaud, Lord of Albret, and Margaret de Bourbon.[1][2] He served under Bertrand du Guesclin as a young man and fought at the battle of Roosebeke.[2] He was made the constable of France by Charles VI in 1403, but dismissed when the Burgundian faction gained power at court.[2] He was restored to his office in 1413 when the Armagnac faction regained power.[2] An important figure at the French court, he is the subject of two of Christine de Pizan's Autres Ballades (#2 and #3).[3]

Although nominal commander of the French army in the Agincourt campaign together with Marshal Boucicaut, the two professional soldiers could not exercise effective control over the higher-ranking French nobles on the day of the battle. Constable d'Albret was killed at Agincourt during the battle on 25 October 1415, against the English troops led by King Henry V.[2] He was interred at the Friary church in Hesdin.[2]

FamilyEdit

He married, Marie de Sully,[4] daughter of Louis de Sully and Isabel de Craon, on 27 January 1400 and had issue:

  • Jeanne d'Albret (1403–1433), married in 1422 John I, Count of Foix.[5] She was his second wife; the only one of his three wives who bore him issue.
  • Charles II d'Albret (1407–1471),[6] married Anne of Armagnac (born 1402), the daughter of Bernard VII of Armagnac, Count of Charolais and Bonne of Berry, by whom he had seven children.
  • Guillaume d'Albret (d. 1429), Lord of Orval
  • Jean d'Albret
  • Catherine d'Albret, married Charles de Montagu (1363–1409)[7]


AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wagner 2006, p. 5.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Bradbury 2004, p. 6.
  3. ^ Willard 1998, p. 3-15.
  4. ^ Galand 2005, p. 289.
  5. ^ Biu 2002, p. 453.
  6. ^ Wagner 2006, p. 6.
  7. ^ Chattaway 2006, p. 11.

BibliographyEdit

  • Biu, Hélène (2002). "Du panégyrique à l'histoire : l'archiviste Michel de Bernis, chroniqueur des comtes de Foix (1445)". Bibliothèque de l'École des chartes (in French).
  • Bradbury, Jim (2004). The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare. Routledge.
  • Chattaway, Carol Mary (2006). The Order of the Golden Tree: The Gift-giving Objectives of Duke Philip the Bold of Burgundy. Isd.
  • Courroux, Pierre (2017). "How to become Armagnac? The case of Charles I d'Albret, 1368–1415". French History. 31 (2): 133–151. doi:10.1093/fh/crx017.
  • Galand, Gérard (2005). Les seigneurs de Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe en Anjou (in French). Cheminements.
  • Loehlin, James (2000). Shakespeare in Performance: Henry V. Manchester University Press.
  • Wagner, John A., ed. (2006). "Albret, Charles, Lord of, Constanble of France". Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Greenwood Press.
  • Willard, Charity Cannon (1998). "Christine on the Art of Warfare". In Desmond, Marilynn (ed.). Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference. University of Minnesota Press.
French nobility
Preceded by
Arnaud Amanieu
Count of Dreux
1401–1415
Succeeded by
Charles II
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis de Sancerre
Constable of France (Armagnac)
1404–1415
Disputed by Waleran III, Count of Ligny
(1411–1413)
Succeeded by
Bernard VII of Armagnac