Charles II, Count of Alençon

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Charles II of Alençon, called the Magnanimous (1297 – 26 August 1346) was Count of Alençon and Count of Perche (1325–1346), as well as Count of Chartres and Count of Joigny (1335–1336).

Tomb Effigy of Charles d'Alençon

LifeEdit

Charles was the second son of Charles of Valois and his first wife Margaret, Countess of Anjou,[1] and brother of Philip VI of France. In April 1314 he married Jeanne of Joigny,[2] who succeeded her father John II as Countess of Joigny in 1335, but she died on 2 September 1336. They had no children. Charles made his debut in Guyenne under the orders of his father and showed great courage at his first siege.

On the death of his father on December 16, 1325, Charles received the county of Alençon, the lands of Champrond, Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais and Senonches, as well as the forest of Perche, in accordance with an agreement made by his father.

His brother Philip became King of France in 1328, but Edward III of England claimed the crown and refused to do homage. Philip appointed Charles lieutenant general of the kingdom and sent him to put down a rebellion in Saintes, sparked by the English.[3] He captured Saintes and several other strongholds.

Marriage and issueEdit

In December 1336, he married Maria de La Cerda y Lara (1310 – 19 November 1379, Paris), the daughter of Fernando de la Cerda, Lord of Lara.[4] They had:

  1. Charles III, Count of Alençon (1337 – 5 July 1375, Lyon), made Archbishop of Lyon in 1365.[4]
  2. Philippe of Alençon (1338–1397, Rome), made Bishop of Beauvais in 1356,[4] later Cardinal, Archbishop of Rouen, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Patriarch of Aquileia, and Bishop of Ostia and Sabina
  3. Peter II, Count of Alençon (1340 – 20 September 1404),[2] married Marie Chamaillart, Viscountess of Beaumont-au-Maine.
  4. Isabelle of Alençon (1342 – 3 September 1379, Poissy),[4] became a nun.
  5. Robert of Alençon, Count of Perche (1344–1377),[4], married on 5 April 1374 Jeanne of Rohan,[2] daughter of John I, Viscount of Rohan.

DeathEdit

Charles entered the War of the Breton Succession in 1340, and was subsequently killed at the Battle of Crécy.[4] Like his father, he was buried in the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris; his effigy is now in the Basilica of St Denis.

He was succeeded in Alençon by his eldest son Charles, and in Perche by his son Robert.

ArmsEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ de Venette 1953, p. 312.
  2. ^ a b c Autrand 1994, p. 859.
  3. ^ Henneman 1971, p. 108.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Doubleday 2001, p. 172.

SourcesEdit

  • Autrand, Francoise (1994). Charles V: Le Sage (in French). Fayard.
  • Doubleday, Simon R. (2001). The Lara Family: Crown and Nobility in Medieval Spain. Harvard University Press.
  • Henneman, John Bell (1971). Royal Taxation in Fourteenth-Century France: The Development of War Financing, 1322-1359. Princeton University Press.
  • de Venette, Jean (1953). Newhall, Richard A. (ed.). The Chronicle of Jean de Venette. Translated by Birdsall, Jean. Columbia University Press.
Preceded by Count of Alençon
1325–1346
Succeeded by
Count of Perche
1325–1346
Succeeded by