Charles A. Doyen
Charles Augustus Doyen (3 September 1859 – 6 October 1918) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps with the rank of brigadier general and the first recipient of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.
Charles Augustus Doyen
BGen Charles A. Doyen
|Born||September 3, 1859|
Concord, New Hampshire
|Died||October 6, 1918 (aged 59)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1881–1918|
|Commands held||5th Regiment|
4th Brigade, 2nd Division(RA)
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Born in Concord, New Hampshire, Brigadier General Doyen was a member of the Naval Academy class of 1881, later commissioned second lieutenant in the Marine Corps. He organized and commanded the 5th Marine Regiment in World War I, and in France took command of the 4th Brigade, 2d Division, composed of the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments and the 6th Machine Gun Battalion. From 26 October to 8 November 1917, he served as commanding general, 2nd Division (United States), the first Marine officer to command a U.S. Army division. He returned to the United States, dying of influenza during the height of the global pandemic on 6 October 1918 at Quantico, Virginia. The 4th Brigade went on to win a historic victory in Belleau Wood. Brigadier General Doyen's contribution to these victories was recognized by the posthumous award of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the first to ever be awarded.
Two ships have been named USS Doyen for him.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Doyen". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History & Heritage Command, Department of the Navy. Retrieved 2006-11-19.
- United States Army records of World War I
- Bastedo, Russell (2007). "General Charles Augustus Doyen". Publications - Likenesses of New Hampshire War Heroes & Personages in the Collections of the New Hampshire State House & State Library. New Hampshire State Curator. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
Media related to Charles Augustus Doyen at Wikimedia Commons