Chaekgye of Baekje

Chaekgye of Baekje (died 298, r. 286–298) was the ninth king of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Chaekgye of Baekje
Hangul
책계왕
Hanja
責稽王
Revised RomanizationChaekgye-wang
McCune–ReischauerCh'aekkye-wang

BackgroundEdit

He was the eldest son of King Goi.[1] He became king upon Goi's death in 286 which was the 53rd year of his reign. The Samguk Sagi records that "his stature was tall and great, and he was spirited and heroic".[2]

ReignEdit

His wife, whose name is recorded as Bogwa (보과, 寶菓), was a daughter of the governor of Daifang commandery.[3] This marital alliance contributed to friction between the northern Korean kingdom Goguryeo and Baekje, after Goguryeo attacked Daifang in 286 and Chaekgye sent troops to Daifang's aid.[4] Chaekgye fortified the Wiryeseong, Acha Mountain Fortress and Sa-seong to defend the Han River valley against expected retaliation.[3]

In 298, Baekje was invaded by Maek-in (맥인, 貊人, probably referring to Dongye) and the Lelang commandery, and Chaekgye was killed.[4][3][5]

Samguk Sagi: "The King conscribed adult males to repair the fortress of Wirye. Goguryeo attacked Daifang. Daifang sought help from us. Previously, the king had married the daughter of the Daifang, Bogwa, and made her his concubine. Therefore he said, "Daifang is the country of my relatives, how can I not hearken this summons?" Then he led a force out to rescue them. Goguryeo resented this, and the king feared a reprisal attack, and so had the fortresses of Acha and Saseong repaired and provisioned."

  • 287 AD, spring, first month. The king visited Dongmyeong shrine.
  • 298 AD, autumn, ninth month. People from Han and Yemaek invaded. The king led a force to defend, and our enemies killed him.

FamilyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Park, Hyun Sook, «백제의중앙과지방»(Central area and regions of Baekje), p. 71, Juryuseong, 2005, ISBN 8987096513
  2. ^ Samguk Sagi, Scroll 23
  3. ^ a b c "책계왕" (in Korean). Doopedia. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  4. ^ a b "King Chaekgye, King Bunseo". KBS World. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
  5. ^ "책계왕" (in Korean). Encyclopaedia of Korean Culture. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
Chaekgye of Baekje
Cadet branch of the House of Go
 Died: 298
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Baekje
286–298
Succeeded by