Chūō-ku, Saitama

Chūō-ku (中央区, lit. "Central ward") is one of ten wards of the city of Saitama, in Saitama Prefecture, Japan, and is located in the northern part of the city. As of 1 March 2021, the ward had an estimated population of 102,364 and a population density of 12,000 persons per km2. Its total area is 8.39 square kilometres (3.24 sq mi).[1] Despite its name, it is not the administrative or the commercial centre of the city, roles which are designated to Urawa-ku and Ōmiya-ku respectively.

Chūō-ku, Saitama
中央区
Chūō Ward
Chūō Ward Office, Saitama City
Chūō Ward Office, Saitama City
Location of Chūō-ku in Saitama
Location of Chūō-ku in Saitama
Chūō-ku, Saitama is located in Japan
Chūō-ku, Saitama
Chūō-ku, Saitama
 
Coordinates: 35°53′2.1″N 139°37′34.4″E / 35.883917°N 139.626222°E / 35.883917; 139.626222Coordinates: 35°53′2.1″N 139°37′34.4″E / 35.883917°N 139.626222°E / 35.883917; 139.626222
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureSaitama
CitySaitama
Area
 • Total8.39 km2 (3.24 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total102,364
 • Density12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
-FlowerRose
Phone number048-856-1111
Address5-7-10 Shimoochiai, Chūō-ku, Saitama-shi, Saitama-ken 338-0002
Websitewww.city.saitama.jp/chuo/index.html
Yono Park

GeographyEdit

 
The Kōnuma River flowing through Chūō-ku

Shape and LocationEdit

Chūō-ku is located to the west of the center of Saitama City, the capital of Saitama Prefecture. Chūō-ku is wedge-shaped with a southern tip. Measuring approximately 5.5 km in the north–south direction and approximately 3.5 km in the east–west direction, it has an area of 8.39 km2.[2] Located on the Kantō Plain, Chūō-ku has a low elevation. Its lowest point, located at Ōto-nichōme, has an elevation of 4.7 m above sea level and its highest point, located at Suzuya-yonchōme, has an elevation of 16.6 m above sea level.[3] The majority of rivers run north–south down the ward, consequently travelling east–west across the ward requires travelling across alternating regions of plateaus and depressions. The easternmost of these plateaus is the Ōmiya-daichi, to the west of which lies the Kōnuma River which is at the centre of a 500-meter long depression. The Ōmiya-daichi continues to the west of this depression until it meets another depression due to the Arakawa River at the westernmost point of the ward.[4]

Land UseEdit

482.9 hectares of the ward's 839 hectares is used as a residential area and consequently the entire ward was designated a "densely inhabited district" (DID) in 2005.[3] Despite the apparent lack of farming areas, some can be seen on either side of the Kōnuma River where, on the eastern bank, the ward office, fire station and library are also located. The northern tip of the ward is part of the Saitama New Urban Center where the broad-based local government of the Kantō district and the Saitama Super Arena are located.

Neighboring MunicipalitiesEdit

Saitama Prefecture

ClimateEdit

The average temperature between 2007 and 2011 was 15.4 °C with an average of 53 days of sun. In terms of precipitation, Chūō-ku saw an average of 1359 mm per year of precipitation between 2007 and 2011 with an average of 108 days of rain and 10 days of snow.[3]

Climate data for Chūō-ku, Saitama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.5
(41.9)
6.9
(44.4)
13.4
(56.1)
17.9
(64.2)
22.7
(72.9)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
24.4
(75.9)
18.0
(64.4)
12.6
(54.7)
5.3
(41.5)
15.4
(59.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.5
(3.25)
67.5
(2.66)
44.5
(1.75)
287.5
(11.32)
113.0
(4.45)
93.0
(3.66)
229.5
(9.04)
244.5
(9.63)
110.5
(4.35)
52.5
(2.07)
56.5
(2.22)
1,359
(53.5)
Source: http://www.city.saitama.jp/www/contents/1365151655919/index.html, 土地及び気象

HistoryEdit

The town of Yono was created within Kitaadachi District, Saitama with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Plans to dissolve the town and merge with Urawa and Ōmiya were rejected by a referendum in 1955, and Yono was raised to city status on July 15, 1958. On May 1, 2001, Yono merged with Urawa and Ōmiya to form the new city of Saitama. When Saitama was proclaimed a designated city in 2003, the area of corresponding to former Yono city, with some minor border adjustments from former Ōmiya and Urawa cities became Chūō Ward.

EducationEdit

  • Chūō-ku has eight elementary schools, four public and one private middle schools, and three public high schools.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

 Saikyō Line[5]

Yono Station and Saitama-Shintoshin Station on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line (the latter also on the Takasaki and Tōhoku Main Lines) straddle the border between Chūō-ku and other Saitama wards, but are officially located in Urawa-ku and Ōmiya-ku respectively.

BusesEdit

  • Kokusaikōgyō Bus operates in large sections of the ward.[6]
  • Seibu Bus operates mainly to the south of the ward.[7]

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
Saitama Super Arena

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Saitama city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Retrieved July 31, 2013
  3. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2013-07-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), 土地及び気象
  4. ^ 与野市総務部市史編さん室(1998), pages 3-5&7
  5. ^ "路線図:Jr東日本".
  6. ^ "路線バス".
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2013-07-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Official website (in Japanese)