Châtelet–Les Halles

Châtelet–Les Halles (French: [ʃɑtlɛ le al]) is a major train hub in Paris and one of the largest underground stations in the world. Opened in 1977, it is the central transit hub for the Île-de-France metropolitan area, connecting three of five RER commuter-rail lines and five of sixteen Métro lines.[1] The hub hosts 750,000 travellers per weekday (493,000 for the RER alone) and platforms separated by up to 800 metres (0.49 mile).[2] It is named after the nearby Place du Châtelet public square and the Forum des Halles, a shopping mall.

Châtelet–Les Halles
RER
RER station
Entrée Gare Châtelet Halles place Marguerite Navarre Paris 2.jpg
Place Marguerite de Navarre entrance
Location1st arrondissement of Paris, Île-de-France
France
Coordinates48°51′41″N 2°20′47″E / 48.8615°N 2.3465°E / 48.8615; 2.3465Coordinates: 48°51′41″N 2°20′47″E / 48.8615°N 2.3465°E / 48.8615; 2.3465
Owned byRATP Group
Operated byRATP Group
Line(s)
  RER RER A
  RER RER B
  RER RER D
Platforms4
Tracks7
Other information
Station code8775860
Fare zone1
History
Opened9 December 1977 (1977-12-09)
Traffic
Passengers (2015)26,017,693 (RER A & B)
Services
Preceding station   RER   Following station
RER RER A
RER RER B
toward Creil
RER RER D
toward Melun or Malesherbes
Connections to other stations
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
toward La Défense
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1
Transfer at: Châtelet
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 4
Transfer at: Châtelet
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 4
Transfer at: Les Halles
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
Transfer at: Châtelet
TerminusParis Métro Paris Métro Line 11
Transfer at: Châtelet
toward Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14
Transfer at: Châtelet
toward Olympiades

TerminologyEdit

 
Station layout showing both RER and Métro lines

Formally, the name Châtelet–Les Halles designates the RER station alone. Informally, it refers to the hub comprising the eponymous RER station (hosting lines A, B and D) plus the contiguous Paris Métro stations Châtelet (lines 1, 4, 7, 11 and 14) and Les Halles (line 4).

For purposes of wayfinding, the massive station complex is broken up into three sectors: Forum, Rivoli, and Seine.

The Forum sector is below and named after the Forum des Halles and includes the RER platforms and the Les Halles station on Paris Métro Line 4. Exits numbered 1 through 9 are located in the sector.

The Rivoli sector is below and named after the Rue de Rivoli, a major road known for its shopping and includes the Châtelet station of lines 1, 4, and 14 of the Paris Métro. Exits numbered 10 through 14 are located in the sector.

The Seine sector is named after the nearby Seine rive rand includes the Châtelet station of lines 7 and 11 of the Paris Métro. Exits numbered 15 through 19 are located in the sector.

RER station layoutEdit

The tracks of the three RER lines are all oriented parallel in an east-west direction. The seven tracks are grouped on four platforms, with the outer platforms reserved for Lines A and B and the central ones for Line D. This enables easy cross-platform connections between RER A and RER B trains traveling in the same direction, and a solution for those RER D trains which use the station as a terminus.

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine to Exits/Entrances, connections to            
Platforms (B2)     toward Saint Germain-en-Laye, Cergy-le-Haut or Poissy (Auber)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
    toward Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV or Mitry–Claye (Gare du Nord)
    toward Creil (Gare du Nord)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
    Terminating trains
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
    toward Melun or Malesherbes (Gare de Lyon)
    toward Robinson or Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse (Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
    toward Boissy-Saint-Léger or Marne-la-Vallée–Chessy (Gare de Lyon)

RenovationEdit

A major redevelopment of the hub and adjoining Forum des Halles shopping mall was completed in 2018, with the main aim of improving safety in the event of an emergency evacuation at peak traffic time.[3] The renovation included the construction of a major new entrance at Place Marguerite de Navarre, with direct access to the RER station hall; the complete renovation and enlargement of the RER station hall; and extension of key escalators to lower levels of the station.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roland, Gérard (2003). Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 2008-03-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "STIF - Redevelopment of the hub RER Châtelet - Les Halles" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2011. (4.04 MB)(in French)