Châtelet–Les Halles

Châtelet–Les Halles (French: [ʃɑtlɛ le al]) is a major train hub in Paris and one of the largest underground stations in the world. Opened in 1977, it is the central transit hub for the Paris metropolitan area, connecting three of five RER commuter-rail lines and five of sixteen Métro lines.[2] The hub hosts 750,000 travellers per weekday (493,000 for the RER alone) and platforms separated by up to 800 metres (0.49 mile).[3] It is named after the nearby Place du Châtelet public square and the Forum des Halles, a shopping mall.

Châtelet–Les Halles
RER
RER station
Entrée Gare Châtelet Halles place Marguerite Navarre Paris 2.jpg
Place Marguerite de Navarre entrance
Location1st arrondissement of Paris, Île-de-France
France
Coordinates48°51′41″N 2°20′47″E / 48.8615°N 2.3465°E / 48.8615; 2.3465Coordinates: 48°51′41″N 2°20′47″E / 48.8615°N 2.3465°E / 48.8615; 2.3465
Owned byRATP
Operated byRATP
Line(s)RER RER a RER b RER d
Platforms4
Tracks7
ConnectionsParis Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14 Bus (RATP)
Other information
Station code87758607
Fare zone1
History
Opened9 December 1977 (1977-12-09)
Passengers
201933,581,162 (RER A & B)[1]
Services
Preceding station   RER   Following station
RER RER A
RER RER B
toward Creil
RER RER D
toward Melun or Malesherbes
Connections to other stations
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
toward La Défense
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 1
Transfer at: Châtelet
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 4
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
Transfer at: Châtelet
TerminusParis Métro Paris Métro Line 11
Transfer at: Châtelet
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 14
Transfer at: Châtelet
toward Olympiades

TerminologyEdit

 
Station layout showing both RER and Métro lines

Formally, the name Châtelet–Les Halles designates the RER station alone. Informally, it refers to the hub comprising the eponymous RER station (served by RER A, RER B and RER D) plus the contiguous Paris Métro stations Châtelet (served by Line 1, Line 4, Line 7, Line 11 and Line 14) and Les Halles (served by Line 4).

For purposes of wayfinding, the massive three station complex is broken up into three sectors: Forum, Rivoli and Seine.[4]

Forum sectorEdit

The Forum sector is named after the adjoining Forum des Halles shopping mall, which is accessible from this part of the station. The sector includes the RER platforms and the Les Halles station on Paris Métro Line 4. Exits numbered 1 through 9 are located in the sector.

Rivoli sectorEdit

The Rivoli sector is below and named after the Rue de Rivoli, a major road known for its shopping and includes the Châtelet station of Line 1, Line 4 and Line 14 of the Paris Métro. Exits numbered 10 through 14 are located in the sector.

Seine sectorEdit

The Seine sector is named after the nearby Seine and includes the Châtelet station of Line 7 and Line 11 of the Paris Métro. Exits numbered 15 through 19 are located in the sector.

RER station layoutEdit

The tracks of the three RER lines are all oriented parallel in an east–west direction. The seven tracks are grouped on four platforms, with the outer platforms reserved for RER A and RER B and the central ones for RER D. This enables easy cross-platform connections between RER A and RER B trains traveling in the same direction, and a solution for those RER D trains which use the station as a terminus.

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine to Exits/Entrances, connections to            
Platforms (B2) Track 1A     toward Boissy-Saint-Léger or Marne-la-Vallée–Chessy (Gare de Lyon)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track 1B     toward Robinson or Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse (Saint-Michel–Notre-Dame)
Track 3     toward Melun or Malesherbes (Gare de Lyon)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track Z     Terminating trains
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track 4     toward Creil (Gare du Nord)
Track 2B     toward Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV or Mitry–Claye (Gare du Nord)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Track 2A     toward Saint Germain-en-Laye, Cergy-le-Haut or Poissy (Auber)

RenovationEdit

A major renovation of the station complex and adjoining Forum des Halles shopping mall was completed in 2018, with the main aim of improving safety in the event of an emergency evacuation at peak traffic time.[5] The renovation included the construction of a major new entrance at Place Marguerite de Navarre, with direct access to the RER station hall; the complete renovation and enlargement of the RER station hall; and extension of key escalators to lower levels of the station.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2019". data.ratp.fr (in French). Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  2. ^ Roland, Gérard (2003). Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram (in French). Éditions Bonneton.
  3. ^ "Réaménagement du pôle RER Châtelet-Les-Halles (handout)" (PDF) (in French). Syndicat des Transports d'Île-de-France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2008.
  4. ^ Châtelet–Les Halles station (Map). Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Réaménagement du pôle RER Châtelet-Les Halles (presentation)" (PDF) (in French). Syndicat des Transports d'Île-de-France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2011. (4.04 MB)