Centrum Lake

Centrum Lake (Danish: Centrumsø, also known as Centrum Sø), is a lake in King Frederick VIII Land, near Greenland's northeastern coast.[1] The lake and its surroundings are part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone.

Centrum Lake
Centrumsø
Hovgaard Island-Greenland-ONC B-9.jpg
Centrum lake in the upper left
Centrum Lake is located in Greenland
Centrum Lake
Centrum Lake
Location in Greenland
LocationNE Greenland
Coordinates80°10′N 22°30′W / 80.167°N 22.500°W / 80.167; -22.500Coordinates: 80°10′N 22°30′W / 80.167°N 22.500°W / 80.167; -22.500
TypeLake
Ocean/sea sourcesSæfaxi Elv,
Hekla Sound,
Greenland Sea[1]
Basin countriesGreenland, Denmark
Max. length18 km (11 mi)
Max. width3 km (1.9 mi)

The Danish military base/weather station Nord —the only inhabited place in the area— lies about 200 km (120 mi) to the NNE.

HistoryEdit

The lake was first observed by Lauge Koch in 1938 during an aerial survey. It was named in 1952-53 when it was chosen as a center for geological research in which Catalina planes could land.[2] Huts were built and scientific personnel used the location as a base for research in the area, as well as to launch expeditions further north.[3]

In 1955 it was considered as a possible site for a military base in Greenland.[4] Currently there is a STOL airstrip near the lake.[5]

GeographyEdit

Centrum Lake is a land-locked freshwater lake with a fjord structure. It is located at the southern end of Crown Prince Christian Land peninsula. The Sæfaxi Elv, a short river, discharges its waters eastwards in the Marmorvigen, a small branch in the western shore of the Hekla Sound, a little to the north of the confluence with the Dijmphna Sound.[2] There are caves in the area of the lake.[6]

Sydhøjen is a small peninsula on the northern side of the lake which has Inuit archaeological remains.[2]

BibliographyEdit

  • Needleman, S.M. (ed.) 1962: Arctic earth science investigations, Centrum Sø, northeast Greenland, 1960. Air Force Surveys Geo physics 138, 132 pp.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Google Earth
  2. ^ a b c Place names, NE Greenland - Geological Survey of Denmark
  3. ^ Crossing North Peary Land in Summer 1953
  4. ^ Ronald E. Doel, Kristine C. Harper, Matthias Heymann eds. Exploring Greenland: Cold War Science and Technology on Ice. p. 126
  5. ^ Issaaffik
  6. ^ Caves May Hold Clues to Greenland's Warmer Past

External linksEdit