King Frederick VIII Land

King Frederick VIII Land (Danish: Kong Frederik VIII Land) is a major geographic division of northeastern Greenland. It extends above the Arctic Circle from 76°N to 81°N in a N/S direction along the coast of the Greenland Sea.[1]

King Frederick VIII Land
Kong Frederick VIII Land
Landscape of Danmarkshavn.
Landscape of Danmarkshavn.
King Frederick VIII Land is located in Greenland
King Frederick VIII Land
Location of King Frederick VIII Land
CountryGreenland
Elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)

HistoryEdit

This vast desolate region was still uncharted territory around 1900.[2] It was explored by the 1906–08 Danmark Expedition, the 1909–12 Alabama Expedition and by J.P. Koch's 1912–13 Danish Expedition to Queen Louise Land, when the ruling monarch was Frederik VIII (1843 – 1912)

The area between 79° and 81°30´N was first marked as 'King Frederick VIII Land', after King Frederick VIII of Denmark then the ruling monarch, by the 1906–08 Danmark Expedition in its maps of the region. Einar Storgaard used the name again in a 1927 map —he also proposed a division of the region into a northern and a southern part with a border along Nioghalvfjerd Fjord.[3] Finally the name came into general usage only after the publication of the 1931–34 Three-year Expedition to East Greenland (Treårsekspedition) reports.[1]

GeographyEdit

King Frederick VIII Land stretches between 76°N along the middle of the Bessel Fjord in the south and 81°N, the boundary running along the middle of the Independence Fjord and the Academy Glacier. It is bordered by King Christian X Land on the south, the Wandel Sea to the north, Peary Land to the northwest, and the Greenland Ice Sheet to the west. All its territory is included in the large Northeast Greenland National Park zone.[4]

King Frederick VIII Land includes mountain ranges, such as the Princess Caroline-Mathilde Alps, nunataks, such as Queen Louise Land, and vast glacier expanses, such as the Storstrommen, the Zachariae Isstrom and the Nioghalvfjerdsbrae of far northeastern Greenland. In the areas of the shore it also includes fjords, such as the Skaer Fjord, the Ingolf Fjord and the Borge Fjord in Dove Bay, as well as numerous coastal islands, such as Hovgaard Island in the shore of the Greenland Sea or Princess Thyra Island in the Wandel Sea. The Greenland ice sheet reaches the shore at Jokel Bay. Flade Isblink, the largest independent ice cap in Greenland is also located in King Frederick VIII Land.

The area of King Frederick VIII Land is practically uninhabited. Currently the only two inhabited places are:

Image galleryEdit

 
Limits of King Frederik VIII Land.
 
Map of Greenland section.
 
View of the strikingly-shaped Elephant Foot Glacier in Romer Lake, at the far northern limit of King Frederick VIII Land.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Catalogue of place names in northern East Greenland". Geological Survey of Denmark. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  2. ^ Map of the Arctic regions, showing the limit of the treated area. by C. H. Ostenfeld in Flora Arctica (1902)
  3. ^ "Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden". Mapcarta. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  4. ^ Greenland Map
  5. ^ Danmarkshavn