Central American pine-oak forests

The Central American pine-oak forests ecoregion, in the tropical and subtropical coniferous forests biome, is found in Central America and Chiapas state of southern Mexico.

Central American pine-oak forests
Bosque de pino-encino en Chimaltenango.jpg
Pine-oak forest in Chimaltenango, Guatemala
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BiomeTropical and subtropical coniferous forests
Area111,400 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
Conservation statusCritical/Endangered[1]
Global 200Yes


The Central American pine-oak forests occupy an area of 111,400 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi),[1] extending along the mountainous spine of Central America, extending from the Sierra Madre de Chiapas in Mexico's Chiapas state through the highlands of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras to central Nicaragua.

The pine-oak forests lie between 600–1,800 metres (2,000–5,900 ft) elevation,[1] and are surrounded at lower elevations by tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests. Higher elevations above 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) are usually covered with Central American montane forests.


The Central American pine-oak forests are composed of many species characteristic of temperate North America including oaks (Quercus spp.), pines (Pinus spp.), fir (Abies guatemalensis), and cypress (Cupressus spp.).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Central American pine-oak forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2012-11-04.