Cypress is the name applied to many plants in the cypress family Cupressaceae, which is a conifer of northern temperate regions. Most cypress species are trees, while a few are shrubs. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kyparissos).
Species that are commonly known as cypresses include:
- African cypress (Widdringtonia species), native to Southern Africa
- Bald, pond, and Montezuma cypresses (Taxodium species), native to North America
- Chinese swamp cypress (Glyptostrobus pensilis), Vietnam, critically endangered
- Cordilleran cypress (Austrocedrus chilensis), native to Chile and Argentina
- Cypress (Cupressus species)
- Cypress-pines (Actinostrobus species), southwestern Australia
- Cypress-pines (Callitris species), Australia and New Calendonia
- Cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclir)), in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae
- False cypress (Chamaecyparis species), Asia and North America.
- Fujian cypress (Fokienia hodginsii), southeastern China
- Guaitecas cypress (Pilgerodendron uviferum), Tierra del Fuego
- Patagonian cypress (Fitzroya cupressoides), southern Chile and Argentina
- Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), famous for its longevity, popular garden plant
- Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), native to the Monterey Peninsula, California
- Nootka cypress (Cupressus nootkatensis), native to the Pacific Northwest of North America
- Siberian cypress (Microbiota decussata)
- Summer cypress (Bassia scoparia), in the Amaranthaceae family
The Cupressaceae family also contains 13–16 other genera (not listed above) that do not bear cypress in their common names.
Highly allergenic species of cypress with an OPALS allergy scale rating of 8 or higher include: Taxodium, Cupressus, Callitris, Chamaecyparis, Asutrocedrus males, and Widdringtonia males and monoecious. Species of cypress with very low potential for causing allergies (an OPALS allergy scale rating of 2 or lower) include: Austrocedrus females and Widdringtonia females.
- κυπάρισσος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
- Pauw, C.A.; Linder, H.P. (1997). "Widdringtonia systematics, ecology and conservation status". Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 297–319.
- Thomas, P.; Yang, Y.; Farjon, A.; Nguyen, D. & Liao, W. (2010). "Glyptostrobus pensilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- Farjon, A. (2005). Monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-068-4.
- "Actinostrobus". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
- "Callitris". Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
- "Chamaecyparis". Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Famlies.
- Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Fokienia hodginsii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- Hogan, C. Michael; Frankis, Michael P. (2009). "Monterey Cypress: Cupressus macrocarpa". GlobalTwitcher.com.
- "Cupressus nootkatensis". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2015.
- Ogren, Thomas (2015). The Allergy-Fighting Garden. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 9781607744917.
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