Carolean era

In the English speaking world, Carolean era refers to the reign of Charles II of England (1660–1685), and usually refers to the arts. It is better known as The Restoration. It followed the Interregnum when there was no king. The period was noted for the flourishing of the arts following the demise of The Protectorate. It ended with the Glorious Revolution of 1688 when James II went into exile.

Nell Gwyn, a courtesan, who rose to be the King's mistress and an icon of the Carolean era.

The Carolean era should not be confused with the Caroline era which refers to the reign of Charles II's father, Charles I of England (1625–1649).[1]


  1. ^ Curl, James Stevens (2006). "Carolean". A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198606789. Retrieved 23 February 2020.

Further readingEdit

  • Hayden, Judy A. "From Caroline Tears to Carolean Laughter: Re-historicizing the Restoration of Charles II." English 49.194 (2000): 109–126.
  • Miyoshi, Riki. "Thomas Killigrew's Early Managerial Career: Carolean Stage Rivalry in London, 1663-1668." Restoration and 18th Century Theatre Research 27.2 (2012): 13–89.
  • Rothstein, Eric, and Frances M. Kavenik. The Designs of Carolean Comedy. (Southern Illinois Univ Press, 1988).