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Carol Benesch (January 9, 1822, Jägerndorf, Austro-Hungarian Empire, today Krnov, Czech Republic - October 30, 1896, Bucharest, Romania) was a Silesian architect of Historicism and Eclecticism orientation established in the Kingdom of Romania.

Carol Benesch
Born(1822-01-09)January 9, 1822
Died(1896-10-30)October 30, 1896
NationalityWappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815 (Klein).png Austrian Empire
Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg Kingdom of Romania
Awards1881 Knight Commander KCSG Order of St. Gregory the Great
BuildingsPeleș Castle
St. Joseph Cathedral Bucharest
Brâncovenesc Hospital Bucharest
reconstruction of Tismana Monastery
reconstruction of Bistrița Monastery

He was the father of Oscar Benes (1866-1925), chief architect of Bârlad.[citation needed]

In different documents his name is spelled Carl Benesch, Carol Benisch, Carl Benisch, Carol Beneș, Carl Beneș, Carol Beniș, Carl Beniș.[1]


Education and careerEdit

Benesch studied architecture in Vienna. Shortly after graduation he was asked by Prince Nicolae Bibescu-Brâncoveanu to come to Wallachia, where he became an architect in Bucharest.[citation needed]

In 1865 he was nominated Chief Architect of the City of Bucharest.[citation needed]

Benesch was founding member and first vice-president of The Architects Society in Romania (Societatea Arhitecților din România) (1891-1892).[2]

Significant buildingsEdit

Awards and honorsEdit

In recognition of his personal service to the Holy See and the Church, for his works of the St. Joseph's Cathedral (Catedrala Sfântul Iosif), in 1881, Benesch was awarded by Pope Leo XIII with the Pontifical Equestrian Order of St. Gregory the Great, Knight Commander KCSG, being named Carol Vallaquiensi (Carol of/from Wallachia).[citation needed]

Benesch received his Romanian citizenship by decree from King Carol I of Romania, who waived the usual lengthy process.[citation needed]


Benesch died on October 30, 1896. He is buried in the Catholic wing of the Bellu cemetery in Bucharest.[citation needed]



  • Paul Constantin, Universal Dictionary of Architects (Dicționar Universal al Arhitecților), București, Editura Stiințifică si Enciclopedică, 1986 p. 39.

External linksEdit