Infante Carlos, Duke of Madrid

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Don Carlos de Borbón y Austria-Este (Spanish: Carlos María de los Dolores Juan Isidro José Francisco Quirico Antonio Miguel Gabriel Rafael; 30 March 1848 – 18 July 1909) was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain from 1868 (his father's Spanish renunciation), and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France after the death of his father in 1887.

Carlos de Borbón y Austria-Este
D. Carlos de Borbón y de Austria-Este smoking.jpg
Born(1848-03-30)30 March 1848
Died18 July 1909(1909-07-18) (aged 61)
Resting placeTrieste Cathedral
(m. 1867; died 1893)

(m. 1894)
ChildrenArchduchess Blanca, Archduchess Leopold Salvator of Austria
Jaime de Borbón y de Borbón-Parma
Elvira de Borbón y de Borbón-Parma
Beatriz de Borbón y de Borbón-Parma
Alicia de Borbón y de Borbón-Parma
Firma de Carlos María de Borbón.svg


Carlos was born in Ljubljana, the capital of Carniola in what is now Slovenia, the elder son of Juan de Borbón y Bragança and of his wife Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este. His name in full was Carlos María de los Dolores Juan Isidro José Francisco, Quirico Antonio Miguel Gabriel Rafael. As an infant he lived with his family briefly in London where his younger brother Alfonso was born. After their father, considered too liberal for Carlist tastes, left their mother, the boys lived with her in Modena. Her brother Francis V, Duke of Modena was largely responsible for the education of the boys and was the chief influence in their early lives. Carlos was known for his traditionalist views, much different from those of his father.


On 4 February 1867, at Frohsdorf in Austria, Carlos married Princess Margherita of Parma, daughter of Carlos III, Duke of Parma and of his wife, Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France.[1] The couple had five children:

De facto kingEdit

Carlos organized and led the Third Carlist War. Between 1872 and 1876 he effectively controlled much of peninsular Spain, having as much legitimacy as the Presidents of the First Republic.[1]

Later lifeEdit

In January 1893 Carlos' wife, Margherita, died. The following year he decided to remarry. He consulted his mother who suggested two ladies: Princess Theresia of Liechtenstein (daughter of Prince Alfred of Liechtenstein) and Princess Marie-Berthe de Rohan (daughter of Prince Arthur de Rohan).

Having met both ladies, Carlos decided on the latter and asked for her hand in marriage.[2]

On 28 April 1894 Carlos and Berthe were married by Cardinal Schönborn in his private chapel in Prague. Berthe had a dominant personality, making the marriage very unpopular among Carlists. "All writers agree that this second marriage was disastrous, not only for the family of Don Carlos and for [Carlos] himself, but also for the [Carlist] party."[3]

Carlos died in Varese in 1909. [1] He is buried in the Cathedral of San Giusto in Trieste. His son Jaime followed in his father's footsteps of claiming the French and Spanish thrones.



  1. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Jaime Del Burgo, Carlos VII y su tiempo: Leyenda y realidad (Pamplona: Gobierno de Navarra, 1994), 340.
  3. ^ Del Burgo, 341


  • Del Burgo, Jaime. Carlos VII y su tiempo: Leyenda y realidad. Pamplona: Gobierno de Navarra, 1994.
  • "The Curé Santa Cruz and the Carlist War." Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (1873).
  • "The Spanish Pretender: Who he is and What he has Been." The New York Times (May 31, 1874).
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carlos, Don (Prince of Bourbon)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Infante Carlos, Duke of Madrid
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: March 30, 1848 Died: July 18, 1909
Titles in pretence
Preceded byas Juan III of Spain and
Jean III of France
King of Spain
October 3, 1868 – July 18, 1909
Succeeded byas Jaime III of Spain and
Jacques I of France
King of France and Navarre
November 21, 1887 – July 18, 1909