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The Carleton Knights football team represents Carleton College in college football at the NCAA Division III level. The program was started in 1883 and was very successful through the early 1960s, winning over 20 conference championships from 1895 to 1956.

Carleton Knights football
Carleton Knights wordmark.svg
First season1883
Athletic directorGerald Young
Head coachTom Journell[1]
1st season, 3–4 (.429)
StadiumLaird Stadium
(Capacity: 7,500)
Year built1927
LocationNorthfield, Minnesota
NCAA divisionDivision III
ConferenceMIAC (1983–present)
Past conferencesMIAC (1920–1924)
Midwest (1922–1982)
All-time record474–478–25[2] (.498)
Playoff appearances1
Playoff record0–1
Conference titles11 (9 Midwest, 2 MIAC)
ColorsBlue and Maize[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

Since 1983, Carleton has played in the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. The Knights won the conference title in 1992 with a 9–1 record overall, earning entry into the NCAA Division III Football Championship, although Carleton lost in the first round.

Since 1994, the Knights have had only one winning season in 2008, posting a 59–178 record through 2017.[4]




Carleton played its first game against the University of Minnesota in 1883, making it the tenth-oldest football program in Division III.[5] Carleton insisted that a member of the faculty be allowed to play and that the game would be rugby style football. Minnesota's coach Thomas Peebles preferred the soccer style of play, but agreed to the conditions as long as he could act as the referee.[6] Carleton won the game 4–2.[7](p10)

The college officially sanctioned the team in 1891 and hired a paid coach in 1898.[8][9](p108)

Minnesota and Carleton played every year from 1896 to 1904 under the intercollegiate football rules of the time. Minnesota won all nine games, by a total score of 337–17.[7](p113)


From 1905 to 1917, Carleton won 10 championships in 13 years with a record of 66–17–2.[8][9](p108)[10]

Claude J. Hunt became the head coach in 1913 and compiled an incredible record through 1916. Hunt's teams were undefeated over those four years, allowing only three touchdowns and outscoring opponents 1,196 to 20.[11] In the 1915 season, Carleton outscored Stout, Cornell, Grinnell, Macalester, Beloit, and Hamline by a combined score of 323–0.[9](pp110–112)

Carleton College Foot-Ball Team 1916. Backfield – Keller, Phillips, Johnson, Dunphy. Line – Allison, Truesdale, Massopust, Welshons, Yerxa, Rolfe, Farell.

In the first game of the 1916 season, Carleton traveled to Chicago and beat the Chicago Maroons 7–0, in a shocking upset.[12] In the second quarter, Chicago was forced to punt on their 21-yard line. Due to Carleton pressure and a strong wind, the punt travelled three yards backwards. Five plays later, Keller ran for a touchdown, scoring the only points of the game. In the final 30 seconds of the game, Chicago had a first down on the Carls' one yard line.[a] On the next play, Carleton caused a fumble and preserved the victory.[14](pp188–9)[15] Chicago was coached by Amos Alonzo Stagg and was a member of the Western Conference at the time.[16] Stagg said Carleton's 1916 team "will always be remembered as the first to demonstrate to the football world that Carleton produces teams of the first class, worthy to be placed on par with any team in the country."[8]

When Hunt left for the University of Washington in 1917, Carleton hired Cub Buck as his replacement and as athletic director. Buck was the captain and a consensus All-American on the 1915 Wisconsin Badgers football team.[17] By the fall of 1917, the Great War had reduced the number of athletes on campus and Carleton slipped from its previous success. The 1917 team was 4–1, losing to Cornell, but shutting out Macalester, Hamline, and St. Thomas for the state title. 1918 was a very unique season due to the flu pandemic and Student Army Training Corps program. A joint Carleton-St. Olaf team played the University of Minnesota; due to a lack of cohesion of the Northfielders, they lost 59–6. Carleton and St. Olaf then split up and played each other three times, St. Olaf winning the first and the Carls prevailing in the next two. Football began to return to normal in 1919, Carleton went 4–4.[14](pp192–6) During his three-year tenure at Carleton, Buck played pro football with Jim Thorpe and the Canton Bulldogs on Sundays after coaching on Saturdays.[18][19] Buck's overall Carleton record was 10–7.


Hunt returned to coach Carleton from 1920 to 1930, during which the team won four conference titles. His overall Carleton record was 76–22–4.[11]

Carleton was a founding member of the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (MIAC) in 1920.[20] It was also a founding member of the Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference (Midwest) in 1921.[21] Carleton football participated in both conferences in 1922, 1923, and 1924; winning the Midwest title in 1923 and the MIAC title in 1924. After the 1924 season, Carleton left the MIAC, playing in the Midwest through 1982.[22]

Carleton won six Midwest championships from 1925 to 1940.[23]

Carleton vs. major college teams
Year Opponent Opp. score Carleton
1916 Chicago 0 7
1922 Wisconsin 41 0
1925 Northwestern 17 0
1926 Northwestern 31 3
1928 Army 32 7
1930 Wisconsin 28 0
1932 Army 57 0
1936 Iowa 14 0

From 1922 to 1936, Carleton played seven games versus major college teams, losing all seven. After a 57–0 loss at Army in 1932, Herbert Hoover invited the Carls to tour the White House.[24]

In 1954, the Walter Hass-coached Knights went 8–0 and won the Midwest conference championship.[25][26] The closest game of the season was against defending conference champs and cross-town rivals St. Olaf. Carleton, down 13–7 in the last minutes of the game, drove to the 2-yard line, but fumbled the ball away. On the next play, the Oles ran the ball and the swarming Carleton defense caused a fumble in the end zone which they recovered for a touchdown. With the extra point kick, the final was Carleton 14, St. Olaf 13.[27]

After one more year, Hass left for the University of Chicago, where he restarted the Maroons' football program. Warren Beson coached the team from 1956 to 1959. The Knights were Midwest tri-champions in Beson's first year, and the team put together four impressive seasons, going 21–7–2, and outscoring opponents by 632–397.[28] Tragically, Beson died of a heart attack at age 35 in the middle of the 1959 season.

The program began to fade in the early 1960s. The Knights experienced a long stretch of losing seasons from 1964 to 1978, during which Carleton's record was 33–89–2.[29]

Carleton hosted the only NCAA-sponsored metric football game in 1977. The game was dubbed the "Liter Bowl" as all measurements were in meters instead of yards. The field was 100 meters long between the goal lines and 50 meters wide (109.36 and 54.68 yards, respectively) and the football was 29 centimeters long.[30] The Knights lost to their rival St. Olaf, 43–0.[31] Drawing around 10,000 fans, the event was the last to fill Laird Stadium.[32][33]


In 1979, Carleton hired Bob Sullivan as head football coach. Sullivan turned the program around in the first year, winning the Midwest conference championship.[34] After several more winning seasons, Carleton left the Midwest and rejoined the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in 1983. The first few seasons in the MIAC were difficult, but Carleton consistently posted winning seasons from 1986 to 1993.

The Knights went 8–1 in the MIAC and were crowned conference champions in the 1992 season.[35][36] It was Carleton's first conference championship since 1956 in the Midwest Conference. The team was 9–1 overall and was selected to play in the Division III playoffs that year, but lost 20–8 at Central College (Iowa) in the first round.[37]

Sullivan retired in 2000, finishing with 102 wins, the most in the program's history.[34]

Since 1994, the Knights have had only one winning season in 2008, posting a 59–178 record through 2017.[4]


Carleton has had two All-Americans: Jim Bradford, selected as a College Division II first team All-American wide receiver in 1990;[38] and Drew Ziller, a safety selected in 2008 by the American Football Coaches Association to its Division III All-America first team and by the Associated Press to its Little All-America third team.[39][40]

Jim Bradford (1988–91) holds the MIAC single-game receiving record with 285 yards vs. Gustavus on October 20, 1990.[22] He also holds team career records for receiving yards (3,719) and receiving touchdowns (32).[41]

Laird StadiumEdit

View east from the top of Laird Stadium

Laird Athletic Field opened with a covered grandstand in 1902.[10]

Laird Stadium was built in 1927 with 7,500 seats in one grandstand, as the college was considering joining the Big Ten.[30] It is the third-largest Division III stadium west of the Mississippi River.[2]

During the 2010 football season, the Cannon River, which flows directly behind Laird Stadium, flooded to record levels.[42] The football field was under several feet of water for many days, forcing the relocation of three home games. The lower level of the stadium grandstand, where all football facilities are located, was destroyed. The stadium interior was remodeled in 2012.[43]


St. Olaf OlesEdit

The Knights' biggest rival is the Oles of St. Olaf College, located on the other side of Northfield, Minnesota. The first meeting of Carleton and St. Olaf football players was actually on the same team. Due to the Great War and the flu pandemic, the rivals combined forces to play the University of Minnesota at the beginning of the 1918 season. However, the players and supporters did not get along, and the Northfielders suffered a 59–6 defeat. After that experience, the schools decided to part ways. A typical season was not an option, so Carleton and St. Olaf played each other three times. St. Olaf won the first match-up 14–13 through "over-confidence" on the part of the Carls. Carleton won the next game 7–0, but St. Olaf protested the officiating, so a rubber match was held which Carleton won 35–0.[14](p194)

The rivalry has continued every year since except during World War II and after the Halloween blizzard in 1991, when St. Olaf refused to reschedule the game. Each year the winner receives the Goat Trophy, which was first awarded in 1931.[44] Sports Illustrated wrote about St. Olaf vs. Carleton’s undefeated 1954 team and covered the 1962 St. Olaf at Carleton game.[26][45] St. Olaf leads the series 53–44–1.[46]

Macalester ScotsEdit

In 1998, The Book of Knowledge trophy was created for Carleton's annual game against the Macalester Scots.[47] The trophy name is based on both schools being top national liberal arts colleges, Carleton #8 and Macalester #26 in the 2017 U.S. News & World Report rankings.[48] Due to repeated losing seasons in the MIAC, Macalester left the conference in football after the 2001 season, although the teams have continued to play a non-conference game every year since. Carleton leads the trophy game series 14–7 and the overall series 52–12–1.[49]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Before 1950, Carleton athletic teams did not have an official moniker and were most often called Carls, a term then and now used to denote all students at the school.[13]


  1. ^ "Carleton names Tom Journell head football coach". Carleton College. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Division III Football Records" (PDF). NCAA. 2017.
  3. ^ "Carleton College Identity Guidelines" (PDF). Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "MIAC Football Archives". Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
  5. ^ "About the Program". Carleton College. May 16, 2006.
  6. ^ Papas Jr., Al (1990). Gopher Sketchbook. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Nodin Press.
  7. ^ a b "Football at Minnesota: The Story of Thirty Years' Contests on the Gridiron". Minnesota Alumni Weekly. General Alumni Association of the University of Minnesota. XIV (9). November 9, 1914 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b c "Carleton College and Academy Football Team - 1893 Season". Carleton College.
  9. ^ a b c Hill, Fred B. (December 2015). "A Review of Carleton's Athletic Record". The Alumni Magazine. Carleton College Alumni Association. VI (3): 108–113.
  10. ^ a b "Timeline: 1892-1916". Carleton College.
  11. ^ a b "C.J. Hunt". Carleton College.
  12. ^ "CARLETON, 'EASY TEAM,' SHOCKS MAROONS 7 TO 0". Chicago Tribune. October 8, 2016. Text included in "100 Years Ago: Carleton Upsets Chicago"
  13. ^ Nelson, Tucker (September 25, 2015). "A Knight's Tale: Part 1". The Carletonian. 2015 Fall (Issue 1). Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  14. ^ a b c Algol 1919-1920. Carleton College. 1920.
  15. ^ McCarthy, Harold (September 18, 1948). "1916 Victory Over Chicago Elevated Carleton Into Football Spotllight". The Carletonian. p. 15.
  16. ^ "100 Years Ago: Carleton Upsets Chicago". Carleton College.
  17. ^ "Athletic Department Hall Of Fame". University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  18. ^ "Howard "Cub" Buck". Green Bay Packers.
  19. ^ Maxymuk, John (2003). Packers by the Numbers: Jersey Numbers and the Players who Wore Them. Big Earth Publishing. p. 46. ISBN 9781879483903.
  20. ^ "The MIAC Story: Collegiate Athletics at its Best". Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
  21. ^ "MWC History". Midwest Conference.
  22. ^ a b "MIAC Football Recordbook" (PDF). Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
  23. ^ "MWC Football Championship History". Midwest Conference.
  24. ^ "Knights of the Gridiron" (Press release). Carleton College. May 16, 2006.
  25. ^ "Walter Hass". Carleton College.
  26. ^ a b "A Slumbering Midget Woke Up". Sports Illustrated. September 19, 1966.
  27. ^ "1954 Football Season Recap". 1955 Algol. Carleton College. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  28. ^ "Warren Beson". Carleton College. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Past Football Seasons". Midwest Conference.
  30. ^ a b Fliss, Tanner. "Laird Stadium". NorthfieldHistorical.
  31. ^ "Metric Football Game". Carleton College. May 20, 2016.
  32. ^ Wagner, Kyle (October 10, 2013). "The Liter Bowl: The First NCAA Football Game To Use The Metric System". Deadspin.
  33. ^ Emery, Ariel (December 2, 2008). "Historical oddities rest unseen in local archives". Northfield News. WebCite. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  34. ^ a b "Bob Sullivan". Carleton College.
  35. ^ "Carleton Football Highlights". Carleton College Archives. 1992.
  36. ^ "1992 MIAC Football Standings". MIAC.
  37. ^ "1992 playoffs".
  38. ^ "Kodak All-Americas". The Morning Call. December 6, 1990. p. C2 – via
  39. ^ "Award Winners" (PDF). NCAA. 2017. p. 28.
  40. ^ "Ziller Earns Trifecta--AFCA, Associated Press and All-American" (Press release). Carleton College. December 20, 2008.
  41. ^ "Carleton College Football Record Book" (PDF). Carleton College. March 30, 2017.
  42. ^ "One Year Later: Carleton Remembers the Flood of 2010". Carelton College.
  43. ^ "Laird Stadium". Carleton College.
  44. ^ "Carleton Football Report - Week Four" (PDF) (Press release). Carleton College Athletics. October 4, 2008. p. 5. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  45. ^ "Small Package of Fun". Sports Illustrated (September 24, 1962).
  46. ^ Koenig, Roy (October 23, 2017). "St. Olaf Hangs on Against Carleton and Holds onto Goat Trophy". KRFO.
  47. ^ "Historical Highlights". Carleton College.
  48. ^ "Minnesota's Best Colleges". U.S. News & World Report. 2017.
  49. ^ "Book of Knowledge Comes Home in Knights 27-12 Win Over Macalester". September 5, 2015.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit