Carl Milliken

Carl Elias Milliken (July 13, 1877 – May 1, 1961) was an American politician, and business executive. He served as the 51st Governor of Maine, and was the Chief Spokesman for the Motion Picture Association of America.

Carl Milliken
Carl Milliken.jpg
51st Governor of Maine
In office
January 3, 1917 – January 5, 1921
Preceded byOakley C. Curtis
Succeeded byFrederic H. Parkhurst
President of the Maine Senate
In office
January 2, 1913 – January 5, 1915
Maine State Senator
In office
January 2, 1909 – January 2, 1913
Member of the Maine House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
BornJuly 13, 1877
Pittsfield, Maine, U.S.
DiedMay 1, 1961 (aged 83)
Political partyProgressive; Republican
Alma materBates College
Harvard University

Early life and educationEdit

A native of Pittsfield, Maine, Milliken graduated from Bates College in 1897. He went on to receive his masters degree from Harvard University in 1899, before moving to Island Falls, Maine to enter the lumber business.

Early business careerEdit

During the next six years, Milliken held positions as general manager of two lumber companies and an axe manufacturer and as president of a local telephone company.

Political careerEdit

His political career began in 1905, when he was elected to the Maine House of Representatives. Milliken moved up to the Maine State Senate in 1909, and was president of that body from 1913 to 1915.

As governorEdit

Running for Governor of Maine as a Republican Party candidate in 1916, Milliken easily defeated the Democratic Party incumbent, Oakley C. Curtis.[1] He was reelected in 1918, this time by a smaller margin over Bertrand McIntire. As governor, he strictly enforced state and federal alcohol prohibition laws, which he strongly supported. Milliken lost renomination to Frederic Hale Parkhurst in the 1920 Republican primary.[2]

Motion Picture careerEdit

Milliken left office on January 5, 1921. The following year, he became executive secretary and chief spokesman of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association (later the Motion Picture Association of America), the movie industry's first self-censorship body. Milliken served as executive secretary for more than two decades, retiring in 1947.

In retirementEdit

After stepping down from the MPAA, Milliken served as the managing trustee of Teaching Film Custodians, a trust for educational films, and also served a term as president of the American Baptist Foreign Missionary Society.

Personal lifeEdit

Milliken married twice. His first wife, the former Emma Chase, died in 1930. He then married her sister, Caroline Chase. With his first wife, Milliken had one son and six daughters. His first wife was the daughter of his alma mater's president George Colby Chase, while his second wife was Chase's other daughter.[3]


  1. ^ "Plurality in Maine Grows to 13,800" (PDF). The New York Times. September 13, 1916.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Bates College (1915). General catalogue of Bates College and Cobb Divinity School, 1863-1915. The College. p. 201. hdl:2027/njp.32101074049659.
Party political offices
Preceded by
William T. Haines
Republican nominee for Governor of Maine
1916, 1918
Succeeded by
Frederic Hale Parkhurst
Political offices
Preceded by
Oakley C. Curtis
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Frederic H. Parkhurst