Clifton George Bailey III (born 13 April 1967), better known by his stage name Capleton, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall artist. He is also referred to as King Shango, King David, The Fireman and The Prophet. His record label is called David House Productions. He is known for his Rastafari views expressed in his songs.
|Birth name||Clifton George Bailey III|
|Also known as||King Shango, The Fireman, The Prophet|
|Born||13 April 1967|
|Genres||Reggae, roots reggae, dancehall|
|Labels||VP, suge/RAL/PolyGram Records, Rude Boy, Exterminator|
Bailey was born in Islington in St. Mary in 1967. As a youth, he was given the surname of a popular St. Mary lawyer and friend of the family, Capleton, as a nickname by his relatives and friends. Capleton rejects the name given to him at birth. He now prefers "King Shango", given its roots in the Yoruba language.
As a teenager, he sneaked out of his home to catch local dancehall acts, eventually leaving St. Mary for Kingston at the age of 18 to work on his career as a dancehall deejay.
In 1989, he got his first big international exposure. Stewart Brown, owner of a Toronto-based sound called African Star, gave the untested artist his first break, flying him to Canada for a stage show alongside Ninjaman and Flourgon.
When Capleton first arrived on the scene in the late 1980s, slackness and gun talk were the dominant lyrics in the dancehalls. The pre-Rasta Capleton had a string of hit songs from "Bumbo Red" to "Number One on the Look Good Chart" and "No Lotion Man".
He recorded the song that began to establish his significant place in Dancehall, "Alms House" in 1992. The tune became a big hit in the dancehall, followed up immediately by "Music is a Mission" and the massive hit "Tour". By 1993, he was voicing tunes which became increasingly conscious, such as "Prophet" and "Cold Blooded Murderer".
In 1999, Capleton headlined Reggae Sumfest's dancehall night, to much fanfare. The performance, which led to a subsequent headliner placement the following year, is credited with "re-bussing", or creating a comeback for, his career. The 1999–2000 period elicited a string of hits, many of which can be found on the album More Fire.
By 2004, some argued the quality of Capleton's music had been downgraded by over-proliferation on numerous riddims, while Capleton himself argued his continued recording over both dancehall and roots reggae riddims created balance in his musical output. Nonetheless, he scored hit singles over one of the most popular riddims of 2004, "That Day Will Come" over the Hard Times riddim.
After headlining a U.S. tour which included Romain Virgo, Munga Honorable, and Kulcha Knox in the fall of 2010, Capleton embarked upon a tour of the African continent for late 2010 and early 2011. Stops included Gambia, Senegal, South Africa and multiple dates in Zimbabwe. In December 2012 the music Unite Cape Town International Reggae Festival saw Capleton, reggae and dancehall artists like Black Dillinger, Blak Kalamawi .
Capleton's annual 'A St Mary Mi Come From' live show has raised funds for several charities since it was first staged in 2000, including local schools and hospitals.
Capleton makes reference to Bobo Ashanti, one of the various mansions of the Rastafari movement. Yet he frequently mentions there's no separation between the mansions of Rastafari as he sees it. He stated in an interview on TraceTV that he is a vegan, not consuming meat or dairy in any form, but he also rejects anything made from soya. He also touches on the subject of his lyrics regarding fire, saying they are metaphoric references of purification, not violence or murder.
Capleton has faced criticism for anti-gay lyrics in some of his songs though homosexuality remains illegal in his native Jamaica. His manager has argued that some of the controversial lyrics have been mistranslated and do not actually refer to gays. Capleton himself has admitted that through his Rastafari faith he believes that a homosexual lifestyle is not right, but has insisted that terms such as "burn" and "fire" are not to be understood in the literal sense "to go out and burn and kill people", but as a metaphor for "purification" and cleansing. As part of an agreement to end the Stop Murder Music campaign, Capleton and other artists allegedly signed the Reggae Compassionate Act (RCA) in 2007.
- Lotion Man – 1991
- Alms House – 1993
- Good So – 1994
- Prophecy – 1995
- I-Testament – 1997
- One Mission (compilation) – 1999
- Gold – 2000
- More Fire – 2000
- Final Assassin – 2000
- Still Blazin' – 2002
- Voice of Jamaica, Vol.3 – 2003
- Praises to the King – 2003
- Reign of Fire – 2004
- The People Dem – 2004
- Duppy Man (featured with Chase & Status)
- Free Up – 2006
- Hit Wit Da 44 Rounds – 2007
- Rise Them Up – 2007
- Bun Friend – 2008
- Yaniko Roots – 2008
- Jah Youth Elevation – 2008
- Liberation Time (featured with AZAD) (2009)
- I-Ternal Fire – 2010
- Ova Come (featured with Gisto) - 2020
- Savage, Shannon (6 October 2004)"Dancehall music silenced" Archived 1 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine, The Orion (student newspaper of CSU Chico) – Entertainment. Updated 11 May 2009.
- Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 67–69
- Walters, Basil (2012) "Capleton lauded for charity work Archived 23 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine", Jamaica Observer, 20 July 2012, retrieved 29 July 2012
- Capleton interview Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ChicagoReggae.com. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Barrow, Musa. Art and Music: Interview With Jamaican Reggae Star, Capleton Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Foroyaa Online. 4 June 2008.
- "Capleton." Contemporary Musicians. Ed. Leigh Ann DeRemer. Vol. 40. Gale Cengage, 2003. eNotes.com. 2006. Retrieved 2011-4-15. 
- Campbell, Howard. Capleton Finds His Way Back To VP Archived 31 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. VPRecords.com. 30 June 2010.
- Summer Fest ‘99 – Dancehall Nights Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Reggae Sumfest 2000 Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Huey, Steve. Capleton biography Archived 12 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. allmusic. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Smith, Germaine. REIGN OF FIRE – Capleton still blazes Archived 12 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Jamaica Star. 7 May 2004.
- Drop Leaf album review Archived 18 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Reggae Vibes Productions. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Campbell, Howard. Capleton finds his way back to VP Archived 8 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Jamaica Gleaner. 30 June 2010.
- Warming the stage for Capleton Archived 27 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine. The Standard (Zimbabwe). 21 November 2010.
- "Capleton Headlines The Music Unite Capetown International Reggae Fest (Dec 8-9 South Africa)". themalaika.com. 3 December 2012. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- Park, Esther. Bob Marley Movement Caribbean Festival 2010: Interview With Capleton Archived 2 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Miami New Times. 25 February 2010.
- Mbiriyamveka, Jonathan. Capleton Show Organisers Hunt Ghetto Rappers Archived 18 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. The Herald (Zimbabwe). 18 October 2010.
- "Gay in JA: What's it like to be gay in a society where it's illegal to practice your sexuality?" Archived 4 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, BBC. First aired 2008, updated Tuesday 16 June 2009. (Only regionally available)
- "NewNowNext Blog: Reggae Stars Sign On To Cut Out Homophobic Lyrics". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011.
- "Reggae Stars Renounce Homophobia, Condemn Anti-gay Violence". Towleroad.com. 13 June 2007. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
- "Hate singer Capleton cancels U.S. tour". Calcoastnews.com. 17 February 2010. Archived from the original on 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
- "Capleton Concert cancelled in Basel, Switzerland" Archived 1 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Another Green World. Thursday, 6 November 2008.
- "Capleton Unleashes his I-Ternal Fire! | United Reggae". Unitedreggae.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
- "Relief". bandcamp.com.