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Caninia is an extinct genus of rugose coral.[1] Its fossils occur worldwide from the Devonian to the Permian periods.

Temporal range: Devonian to Permian 419.2–252.2 Ma
Caninia torquia coral KGS.jpg
Caninia torquia from the Beil Limestone Member, Lecompton Limestone, Douglas County, Kansas
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Rugosa
Family: Cyathopsidae
Genus: Caninia
Michelin 1840


It was marine in nature and known to live in lagoon-type ecosystems.[2] Because of the shallow water in which it lived, Caninia was often affected by processes above the water level, such as storms.[3]



  1. ^ Fossil Corals
  2. ^ a b Jeffords, Russel. 1943. Caninia from the Lower Carboniferous of New Mexico. Journal of Paleontology. vol. 17. no. 6.
  3. ^ a b Wu, Xian-tao. 1982. Storm-generated depositional types and associated trace fossils in Lower Carboniferous shallow-marine carbonates of Three Cliffs Bay and Ogmore-by-Sea, South Wales. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. vol.39. issue 3-4.
  4. ^ Shimer and Shock. 1944. Index Fossils of North America. MIT Press. Boston. pg. 91.
  5. ^ Easton, W.H. 1943. The Fauna of the Pitkin Formation of Arkansas. Journal of Paleontology: vol. 17. no. 2.
  6. ^ a b c Easton, W.H. 1945. Amplexoid Corals from the Chester of Illinois and Arkansas. Journal of Paleontology: vol. 19. no. 6.
  7. ^ Easton, W.H. 1945. Corals from the Otter Formation (Mississippian) of Montana. Journal of Paleontology: vol. 19. no. 5.
  8. ^ Kansas Geological Survey
  9. ^ Coogan, Alan. 1964. Early Pennsylvanian History of Ely Basin, Nevada. AAAPG Bulletin. vol. 48 no. 4.
  10. ^ Waller, T.H. 1969. Lower Cisco Carbonate Deposition in North-Central Texas. A Guidebook to the Late Pennsylvanian Shelf Sediments, North-Central Texas. pp. 34-39.
  11. ^ Beus, Stanly. Fossil Associations in the High Tor Limestone (Lower Carboniferous) of South Wales. Journal of Paleontology. vol. 58. no. 3.
  12. ^ Ludvigsen, Rolf & Beard, Graham. 1997. West Coast Fossils: A Guide to the Ancient Life of Vancouver Island. pg. 67