Caledon, County Tyrone

Caledon (/ˈkælɪdɪn/) is a small village and townland (of 232 acres) in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is in the Clogher Valley on the banks of the River Blackwater, 7 miles from Armagh. It lies in the southeast of Tyrone and near the borders of County Armagh and County Monaghan. It is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Lower and the civil parish of Aghaloo.[1] In the 2001 Census it had a population of 387 people. It is a designated conservation area. It was historically known as Kinnaird (Irish: Cionn Aird, meaning "head/top of the height or hill".[2]

Mill Street ,Caledon.jpg
Caledon is located in Northern Ireland
Location within Northern Ireland
Population387 (2001 Census)
Irish grid referenceH755453
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCALEDON
Postcode districtBT68
Dialling code028
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
Northern Ireland
54°21′00″N 6°49′59″W / 54.35°N 6.833°W / 54.35; -6.833Coordinates: 54°21′00″N 6°49′59″W / 54.35°N 6.833°W / 54.35; -6.833


The old settlement of Kinard was burned in 1608 by the forces of Sir Cahir O'Doherty during O'Doherty's Rebellion. Sir Henry Óg O'Neill, the main local landowner, was killed by the rebels.

Caledon House was built in 1779 by James Alexander, a member of the Irish House of Commons for Londonderry, who had previously in 1778 bought the Caledon Estate. James Alexander was made Baron Caledon in 1790 and later Viscount Caledon in 1797. The House was begun in 1779 to designs by Thomas Cooley, but altered by John Nash in 1808-10.[3]

In 1967 the Gildernew family, began a protest about discrimination in housing allocation by 'squatting' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon. The house had been allocated by Dungannon Rural District Council to a 19-year-old unmarried Ulster Protestant woman, Emily Beattie, who was the secretary of a local Ulster Unionist Party politician. Beattie was given the house ahead of older married Catholic families with children.[4] The protesters were evicted by officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, one of whom was Beattie's brother. The next day, the annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Currie.[5]


Caledon railway station (on the narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway) opened on 2 May 1887, but finally closed on 1 January 1942. Tynan and Caledon railway station on the mainline opened by the Ulster Railway on 25 May 1858. In 1876 the Ulster Railway merged with other railways companies to become the Great Northern Railway (Ireland). The station was finally closed on 1 October 1957.[6]



  • Churchill Primary School
  • St. Joseph's Primary School


19th century populationEdit

The population of the village decreased during the 19th century:[7][8]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 1046 999 825 579 562 703
Houses 183 172 155 120 131 151

21st century populationEdit

On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 387 people living in Caledon. Of these:

  • 31.0% were under 16 years old and 16.2% were aged 60 and over;
  • 47.9% of the population were male and 52.1% were female;
  • 35.1% were from a Catholic community background
  • 60.0% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

Caledon TownlandEdit

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Lower and the civil parish of Aghaloo and covers an area of 232 acres.[9]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[10][11]

Year 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 28 28 38 25 16
Houses 5 5 10 7 4

The village of Caledon is in the townland of the same name and in 1891 had an area of 45 acres.

The townland contains one Scheduled Historic Monument: a Beam engine (grid ref: H7581 4521).[12]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Caledon". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Caledon". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  3. ^ O'Neill, B (ed). (2002). Irish Castles and Historic Houses. London: Caxton Editions. p. 25.
  4. ^ Dwyer, T. Ryle (4 October 2008). "The spark that lit the Troubles is still smouldering in the embers". Irish Examiner.
  5. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  6. ^ "Caledon and Tynan stations" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 14 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  11. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  12. ^ "Scheduled Historic Monuments (to 15 October 2012)" (PDF). NI Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.

External linksEdit