Cairo Metro Line 1

Cairo Metro Line 1 is the first line of the Cairo Metro in Cairo, Egypt. It is the first metro system in the Arabian countries and also in Africa.[9] It was constructed in 1987 and connects Helwan with El Marg, stopping at 35 stations. Line 1, sometimes called the French-built line or simply the French line has a total length of 44.3 kilometres (27.5 mi) with 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) of it being underground[2] and has trains that run with 3 units (9 cars), which have a frequency of 2.5 minutes and a maximum speed of 100 km/h (62 mph).[10] The line can carry 60,000 passengers per hour in each direction.[11]

Line 1
Helwan - El Marg
Cairo metro logo2012.svg
Mar Girgis station
Native nameالخط الاول
OwnerNational Authority for Tunnels (Egyptian state)[1]
New El Marg
TypeRapid transit
SystemCairo Metro
Operator(s)Cairo Metro - The Egyptian Co. for Metro Management & Operation[3]
Daily ridership1.3 million (FY 2009/2010)[4]
Line length44.3 km (27.53 mi)[6]
CharacterMixed Underground and At-grade street running
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationOverhead catenary
(1.5 kV DC)[7][8]
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)


Train of Line 1 of Cairo Metro travelling at high speed between stations Dar El Salam and El Zahraa in Southern Cairo.

The Construction of the project started in 1982 after the French government agreed on giving Egypt the necessary loan. The first Helwan - El Marg line costs 1107 million Francs which were converted into EGP and divided into multiple stages.[12] The total cost of the first stage from Helwan to Ramsis is 473.9 million EGP divided into the following:

  1. 397 million EGP for the tunnel between Saiyeda Senab and Ramsis with a length of 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) .[12]
  2. 74.5 million EGP for the movement of 60 km different structures and the improvement of the older railways.[13]
  3. 2.4 million EGP for the creation of a station in Dar El Salam.[13]

The second stage coasted in total 499.6 million EGP and connected the (Laymoun Bridge-Marg) railway with the metro.[13] Additional costs were made available as requested by the ministry of transportation:

  1. 172.8 million EGP for completing the (Ramsis-Marg) lane.[13]
  2. 280 million EGP for the third stage of the (Helwan-Marg) lane.[13]
  3. 400 million EGP for the (Shubra el Kheima-Ramsis-El Tahrir) lane[13]
  4. 2 million EGP for the preparation study of the second lane Imbaba-El Darasa[13]


The construction of the Helwan-El Marg line was in two stages. The first stage was from Helwan to Sayeda Zenab and included a tunnel from Helwan to Ramsis square. First the line from Helwan to Sayeda Zenab, which is 24 kilometres (15 mi) long had the following construction works:

  1. The isolation of the existing railways and the construction of 9 car bridges and 21 people bridges.[14]
  2. The construction of 17 rail lane switcher.[14]
  3. The renovation of the existing railways.[14]
  4. The production of 882 kilometres (548 mi) of cables which satisfy the needs of the rail way from Helwan to Sayeda Zenab.[15]

Second the line from Helwan to Ramsis square, which would be a subterranean and is 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) long. It includes five subterranean stations after the Sayeda Zenab station:

The Construction of this line consumed the following resources:

  1. 117,000 cubic metres (153,000 cu yd) of concrete works.[15]
  2. 334,550 cubic metres (437,570 cu yd) of digging works.[15]
  3. 3900 concrete walls[15]
  4. 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) other digging works.[15]

In 1987 the line from Helwan to Ramsis square was finished and opened for the public.[16] It had a total length of 28.5 kilometres (17.7 mi).

The second stage of the Helwan El Marg line included the construction of a line from Ramsis square to El marg, which would be 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) long.[16] The operation of the line was aimed for 1988,[16] but due to some difficulties it started operation in 1989.[10] The second stage included also:

  1. The conversion of the Marg line to an electric line.[16]
  2. The acquisition of 48 new units, which would make 100 units available for operation.[16]
  3. The improvement of a workstation to provide maintenance works for 204 Units.[16]
  4. The construction of a 220 kilo-Volt power generator, to provide electricity for the future lines.[16]


To other Metro linesEdit

Line 1 connects to Line 2 at Shohadaa and Sadat Stations. It is expected to connect with Line 3 in October 2015 at Nasser Station when Phase 3 of Line 3 is completed.

To other forms of transitEdit

Shohadaa Station is immediately next to Ramses Station, providing access to Egyptian National Railways long-haul and short-haul domestic passenger service. Cairo Transport Authority buses and private microbus services are also nearby.

Access to Cairo International Airport is expected via transfer to Line 3 upon completion of Phase 4 in early 2020.[17]

Driving SimulatorEdit

A new train driving simulator integrated in Cairo Metro's training center dedicated for Line 1 drivers, which was provided by Transurb Technirail that won the international tender issued by Cairo Metro in December 2011.[18]

Transurb Technirail will provide Cairo Metro with a driving simulator and a computer-assisted learning area to train Line 1 drivers, improving their driving skills and to train them on the elementary functions of the rolling stock and on how to handle malfunctions.[18]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "TWINNING PROJECT FICHE - Assistance to the Egyptian Metro Company (ECM) in Reforming Railway Safety Regulations, Procedures and Practices" (PDF). Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Line 1". National Authority for Tunnels. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  3. ^ "About Company". Cairo Metro. Archived from the original on 17 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  4. ^ "The Development of Passenger Traffic for The Two metro lines since inauguration (the first 87/88, the second 96/97) Until 2009/2010" (in Arabic). Cairo Metro. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
  5. ^ "Cairo". Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  6. ^ "First Line Working". Cairo Metro The Egyptian Co. for Metro Management and Operation. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  7. ^ Barrow, Keith (14 March 2014). "Cairo to order new trains for metro Line 1". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Cairo Metro Tender for New Rolling Stock". Mena Rail Post. 16 March 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-01-23. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Metro Line 1′s 26th Anniversary". Egyptian Railways Diwan. Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Greater Cairo Metro Network". Egyptian Tunneling Society. 2007-04-15. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  11. ^ Metro Al Anfaq 32
  12. ^ a b Metro Al Anfaq 22
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Metro Al Anfaq 23
  14. ^ a b c Metro Al Anfaq 29
  15. ^ a b c d e Metro Al Anfaq 30
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Metro Al Anfaq 31
  17. ^النقل-تعلن-موعد-انتهاء-محطات-المرحلة-الرابعة-بالخط-الثالث-للمترو
  18. ^ a b "Transurb Technirail Wins Contract to Develop a Driving Simulator for Cairo Metro in Egypt". Retrieved 8 August 2014.

Works citedEdit